Counterjihad Timeline

From Powerbase
Jump to: navigation, search

A chronology of the Counterjihad movement.

2004

Gates of Vienna blog header, Screengrab Gates of Vienna

October

2005

June

2006

January

May

September

910 Group logo, Screengrab from Gates of Vienna

October

November

December

2007

January

February

March

Daniel Pipes receiving the Danish Free Press Society's award, 2007. Source: Algemeiner
  • According to the Center for Vigilant Freedom, CVF chapters "began to meet locally and organize public education campaigns in several nations and U.S. states" by this month.[18]
  • 1 - The Center for Vigilant Freedom was set up as a non-stock incorporated company, Center for Vigilant Freedom Incorporated, on this date under Corporation ID number 0670082-7. The registration agent for the company was Christine Brim. [19]

April

Counterjihad Scandinavia 2007, Source: screengrab from Gates of Vienna

June

July

September

  • 11 - SIOE demonstration in Brussels.[26]

October

Counterjihad Brussels 2007. screengrab from Gates of Vienna

November

2008

January

Filip Dewinter of the far right Vlaams Belang Flemish political party. Source. CCSA

March

May

June

October

November

December

2009

January

February

March

April

May

Counterjihad Copenhagen 2009, Source: Liberties Alliance

July

August

September

Alan Lake in Malmo with Sweden Democrats

“the concern to me is how groups like that either willingly or unwillingly allow themselves to be exploited by very extreme rightwing groups like the National Front and the British Freedom Fighters”.[55]

October

November

December

2010

Counterjihad Zurich 2010, screengrab from Gates of Vienna

February

April

May

June

2011

‪Elisabeth Sabaditsch-Wolff meets the EDL‬, Feb 2011

February

July

August

  • 5 - Counterjihad blogger Peder Jensen announces he is abandoning his "Fjordman" pseudonym after being cited by extremist Anders Breivik, who killed dozens of people in Norway.[70]
    Counterjihad London Conference 2011, screengrab Gates of Vienna

September

2012

Dispatch International front page, screengrab from Loonwatch

July

August

2013

June

March for Fuselier Lee Rigby, Source:Wikimedia
  • 29 June - EDL leaders Tommy Robinson and Kevin Carroll were arrested in East London after they defied a police order confining an EDL Armed Forces Day demonstration to an area between Hyde Park Corner and Westminster in central London. The two men planned to pass East London Mosque on their walk from Hyde Park to Woolwich to lay flowers at the place where soldier Lee Rigby was killed.

September

  • Counterjihad Warsaw 2013 - scheduled to coincide with another conference, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Human Dimension Implementation Meeting.[1][76]

October

  • Tommy Robinson quit the EDL, announcing this at a press conference organised by the 'counter-extremist' think tank Quilliam Foundation who say that they 'facilitated' his departure. Robinson claimed in an interview with the Guardian that he was 'sorry' for creating fear among Muslims in the UK and an 'us and them' culture of violence. [77]

2014

PEGIDA Dresden rally, 2014, Wikimedia

April

September

  • EDL protest in Rotherham, England over revelations of child sex exploitation in the town, with around 1000 attending. Protestors attack police.

October

November

December

  • 22 - around 17,000 people attend PEGIDA's 10th demonstration in Dresden, alarming the mainstream.[79]

2015

Former BNP /EDL member Tommy Robinson at launch of PEGIDA Netherlands, October 2015


January

  • 9 - Fifty English Defence League supporters jailed for more than a combined 75 years, for violence at a protest in Birmingham, England in July 2013
  • 12 - PEGIDA protest in Dresden attracts record 25,000 following Charlie Hebdo attacks in Paris.[80]

February

  • 8 - Around 600 EDL protestors in Dudley, England marched against a planned construction of a mosque in the West Midlands. Thirty arrested, 25 later released.
  • 28 - Pegida UK holds its first rally in Newcastle, but its 375-400 supporters are vastly outnumbered by 3000 counter-protestors organised by the Newcastle Unites group. Banners at the protest featured far-right insignia including that of the National Front party. [84]


March

  • 4 - An attempted rally by Pegida Scotland flops, with a handful of protestors again outflanked by over 200 anti-fascists
  • 23 - prospective UK Conservative Party parliamentary candidate Afzal Amin steps down after former EDL leader Tommy Robinson reveals that Amin had been in talks with him to arrange a phony EDL protest march against a proposed mosque in Dudley.[85]

May

July

  • 1 - Baroness Caroline Cox, who originally hosted its launch in 2014 makes a statement on her 'position' regarding Sharia Watch: 'I now have no continuing connection or involvement with Sharia Watch'. [88]

August

  • Anne Marie Waters cancels the Mohammed cartoon drawing exhibition, citing security concerns including that 'people could be killed'.[89]

September

October

  • 20 - Two years after he quit the English Defence League and 'apologised' for his anti-Muslim violence and rhetoric, Tommy Robinson speaks at rallies of PEGIDA protestors in the Netherlands and Germany to mark the first anniversary of PEGIDA, telling anti-Islam protesters that refugees are 'invading Europe'. [90]

December

  • Tommy Robinson announces he will take over as leader of Pegida UK, to be re-launched in the New Year.
  • London sees a tripling of anti-Muslim attacks following Paris terror attacks
  • US Republican candidate Donald Trump calls for a temporary ban on all immigration of Muslims into the USA following the San Bernardino shootings on 2 December. He cites a discredited public opinion poll by Frank Gaffney's Center for Security Policy as evidence for his policy call.
  • New York Times reports that "kill Muslims" is the top Google search in California using the word "Muslims" after the San Bernadino shootings
  • 29: German Green Party MP Volker Beck starts legal proceedings against Pegida and several of its supporters for 18 threats to his life, accusing Pegida of encouraging a ‘spiral of hate’. [91]

2016

January

  • 6: Britain First leader Paul Golding found guilty of harassing a Muslim woman in Essex. He is fined £325 for harassment and £100 for wearing a political uniform, and is given a two-year restraining order. [93]
  • 9: Right-wing groups, headed by Pegida, gathered after reports emerged of a wave of sexual assaults on women on New Year's Eve in Cologne. Clashes with police and arrests ensued. [94]
  • 18: Geert Wilders posts a Youtube video demanding all male refugees from Islamic countries be locked up in in detention centers in order to protect Dutch women from Cologne-style assaults . A 1000-strong anti-refugee protest is broken up by police in Central Heesch, Netherlands, where a centre for 500 refugees was opened. [95]
Geert Wilders in his Youtube video on 18 January 2016. Screengrab
  • 27: West Yorkshire Police write letter to Britain First members barring them from carrying their 'No More Mosques' banners at an upcoming Dewsbury protest, classifying it as a religiously aggravated public order offence and warning anyone doing so would be arrested. Britain First said it would ignore the restriction. The group claims it has widespread support, pointing to the 1.2 million likes on its Facebook page. [96]
  • 28: The British Home Office responded to a 12,000-signature petition calling for Britain First to be banned with a statement condemning those who 'seek to spread hate by demonising British Muslims', but would not confirm if the group was under review. [97]
  • 30: Leader of AfD Frauke Petry sparks international outrage by stating in an interview that German border police should shoot at refugees entering the country illegally 'as a last resort'. [98]

February

March

  • 1: Britain First’s ‘Christian intervention’, led by deputy leader Jayda Franken attracted just 10 supporters as it staged a picket outside the Whitechapel mosque in East London. [100]
Tweet from the East London Mosque as the ten-strong Britain First protest is taking place against them
  • 12: A group of far-right activists reportedly admitted impersonating police officers in a series of robberies and attacks against refugees in Calais. Police arrest far-right activists from Generation Identitaire trying to block bridges with burning tyres to stop refugees entering Calais. [101]
  • 22: Three coordinated suicide bombings occurred in Belgium: two at Brussels Airport in Zaventem, and one at Maalbeek metro station in central Brussels. Thirty-two civilians and three perpetrators were killed, and more than 300 people were injured. [102]

April

  • 9: Hundreds of members of Czech extreme-right groups, joined by German activists from Pegida, form a symbolic blockade of the Czech-German and Czech-Austrian crossings . At a rally in Prague, Adam Bartos, chair of New Democracy, says that threatening politicians responsible for the migration crisis with a 'bullet' would be too merciful as traitors should be jailed and forced to work. [103]
  • 19: Pegida founder Lutz Bachmann was charged with inciting hatred through Facebook posts allegedly branding refugees ‘cattle’ and 'scum'. The court said Bachmann’s comments, which date back to September 2014, constituted an 'attack on the dignity' of refugees. [104]

May

  • 7: An anti-Islam rally organised by Jenna Louca from the Casual Infidels draws just 24 protesters in Burton, Staffordshire. [105]
  • 21: Britain First's Paul Golding arrested for breach of his bail after setting up a leafleting stand in Leicester city centre with 20 BF activists. Their protest was outnumbered five-fold by an anti-fascist counter-protest. [106]
Screengrab of Britain First's Paul Golding at a stall in Leicester on 21 May 2016. Filmed and posted by Britain First.
  • 24: Austrian police reveal the gunman who fired more than 40 shots into a concert in Vorarlberg, killing three people and injuring 11 more before killing himself, was a member of the neo-Nazi Blood & Honour group. [107]
  • 28: Fewer than 30 South East Alliance of National Front supporters marched in Dover on Saturday, while Sunday turned into a no-show. [108]
  • A far-right rally organized by the French anti-immigration Generation Identitaire movement was held in Paris with hundreds of young people protesting against 'islamisation.' [109]

June

  • 16: Labour MP Jo Cox died after being shot and stabbed multiple times following a constituency meeting. Tommy Mair has been identified as the murderer. He was a supporter of the Springbok Club, an organisation that has in the past defended the white supremacist regime in apartheid-era South. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), a group that monitors hate crimes and racist activities in the US, Mair was also a supporter of the National Alliance (NA), a once-prominent neo-Nazi organisation in the United States. [112]

In her speech, she asked that her followers take up their 'swiss knifes and teargas' to defend themselves against 'Muslim proselytes'. She ended by saying 'I invite you to go home chanting "Murderous Islam"! '. [113]

  • 20: Tommy Robinson, ex-EDL leader and leader of PEGIDA UK since 2016, under the name Stephen Yaxley-Lennon, escaped a football banning order during Euro 2016, celebrates with 'F**k Isis' England flag in France. Police arrived at his home when he was already in France. [114]
  • 21: Vote Leave campaigners refuse to answer questions about a £600,000 donation to the Leave campaign from Gladys Bramall, the third-largest individual donor to the campaign and a former member of the BNP. [115]
  • 22: Far-right activist Joshua Bonehill-Paine, is charged with a racially or religiously aggravated offences of harassment (non-violent) towards ][Luciana Berger]] MP between October 2014 and January 2015 [116]

July

  • 7: The head of Pegida Germany, Lutz Bachmann founds a political party called the Popular Party for Freedom and Direct Democracy (FDDV). They intend to work with the far-right AfD in the 2017 elections. [117]
  • Marine Le Pen of the French Front National promises to organise a 'Frexit' if ever elected in 2017. [118]
  • 14: A 19 tonne cargo truck was deliberately driven into crowds celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France, resulting in the death of 86 people and injuring 434 [119]
  • 19: IPSO receives over 1,400 complaints after former Sun editor Kelvin MacKenzie made remarks in The Sun criticising Muslim newscaster, Fatima Manji for wearing a hijab while reporting the Nice attack. [120]
screengrab: Liverpool Echo Article in which Fatima Manji responds to MacKenzie's remarks, 19 July 2016

August

  • 5: Think-tank Policy Exchange publishes a paper calling for the introduction of a population register. Author David Goodhart says everyone having a ‘unique person number’ would allay fears that the country is turning into an ‘economic transit camp’. [121]
screengrab: Cover of Policy Exchange's paper 05 August 2016
  • UKIP leadership candidate, Lisa Duffy, calls for a ban on the veil in public buildings, shopping centres and on public transport. [122]
  • 11: Britain First is banned from Luton and all mosques in England and Wales following a High Court case brought by Bedfordshire police. The officers accuse anti-Islam party of creating 'community tensions' by their activism.[123]
  • 15: Adam Walker, leader of the British National Party, is arrested on allegations of electoral fraud in local elections in Pendle in May [124]

September

  • 4: In the regional elections, the German far-right, anti-muslim AfD received about 21% of votes in the eastern Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region, beating Merkel's party, the CDU, who came third with 19% of votes, in her own home region. [126]
  • 8: Britain First leader Paul Golding is investigated over a suspected High Court injunction breach. Activists filmed themselves entering an Islamic centre accused of being home to a 'radical' Imam in Cardiff on January 20, an action prohibited to BF leaders following a High Court case. [127]
  • 12: AfD co-chairwoman Frauke Petry calls for a racially charged term,"voelkisch", to be rehabilitated. The term refers to people who belong to a particular race and was frequently used by the Nazis during the Third Reich. [128]
  • 24: The new Generation Identitaire bar and headquarters opened in Lille despite the 60,000 signatures-strong petition and a protest bringing 500 people against it on the 24th. [129]

Notes

  1. Baron Bodissey, The Newest Phase of a Very Old War, Gates of Vienna, 9 October 2004.
  2. UK and Scandinavia Counterjihad Summit, Stop Islamiseringen af Danmark, 15 April 2007,accessed via the Internet Archive 17 August 2011.
  3. Andrea Elliott, The Man Behind the Anti-Shariah Movement, New York Times, 30 July 2011.
  4. Herzl Award Recipients 2006, World Zionist Organisation, 7 May 2006.
  5. CVF News, Center for Vigilant Freedom, via the Internet Archive, accessed 17 August 2011.
  6. Baron Bodissey, The Emperor is Naked, Gates of Vienna, 4 September 2006.
  7. Lee Kaplan, The ISM-Terror Connection, FrontPageMagazine.com, 13 September 2006.
  8. ISM Responds to Internet Photos, Reaffirms Commitment to Non-violence, International Solidarity Movement, 16 September 2006.
  9. Part 1 - "The International Solidarity Movement unmasked", Lionheart, 24 February 2007.
  10. Baron Bodissey, Slouching Towards London, Gates of Vienna, 2 October 2011.
  11. Baron Bodissey, Name-Dropping from the National Press Club, Gates of Vienna, 28 September 2006.
  12. Jack Wheeler and Steve Baldwin, THE CREATION OF AN ANTI-ISLAMOFASCISM MOVEMENT, To The Point News, 24 November 2006.
  13. Baron Bodissey, The Coalition to Preserve Civilization, Gates of Vienna, 30 November 2006.
  14. Paul Belien Appointed Director of Islamist Watch, Middle East Forum, 11 December 2006.
  15. Copy of Who is record for VigilantFreedom.org, from Domain Tool, 4 June 2009
  16. Atlas and LIONHEART, blogtalkradio, 9 January 2007.
  17. Baron Bodissey, “Gilani Lane Is Insane!”, Gates of Vienna, 20 February 2007.
  18. CVF News, Center for Vigilant Freedom, via the Internet Archive, accessed 17 August 2011.
  19. Clerk's Information System, Virginia State Corporation Commission, accessed 14 December 2008.
  20. "If They Aren't Guilty,Why Are They Hiding Down There?", Southside Messenger, 2 March 2007.
  21. Baron Bodissey, Daniel Pipes at the Copenhagen Workers’ Museum, Gates of Vienna, 12 March 2007.
  22. Baron Bodissey, Vigilant Freedom at Ground Zero, Gates of Vienna, 31 March 2007.
  23. Baron Bodissey, Report on the Counterjihad Summit, Gates of Vienna, 19 April 2007.
  24. Anna Reiman, Far-Right Mobilizes against Cologne Mega-Mosque, Der Spiegel, 19 June 2007.
  25. Online Radio interview, Lionheart, 6 July 2007.
  26. Police arrest 2 far-right Belgian leaders at anti-Islam 9/11 protest, Associated Press, 11 September 2007, accessed via the Internet Archive on 17 August 2011.
  27. CounterJihad Brussels 2007 Conference, accessed 17 August 2011.
  28. CounterJihad Brussels 2007 Conference, accessed 17 August 2011.
  29. Haaretz: Jews for Le Pen, Centre for Vigilant Freedom, 22 November 2007, via the Internet Archive.
  30. CENTRE FOR VIGILANT FREEDOM/VIGILANT FREEDOM EUROPA PRESENTAZIONE, lisistrata.com, 30 November 2007.
  31. A Profile in Courage: An Interview with "Lionheart," The British Blogger in Hiding, by Phyllis Chesler, Chesler Chronicles, Pajamas Media, 9 January 2008.
  32. Conference 'Cities against Islamization', Cities against Islamisation, 18 January 2008.
  33. Dymphna, Counterjihad Vienna 2008, Gates of Vienna, 12 May 2008.
  34. Program - How Free is the University - an International Conference, American Freedom Alliance, accessed, 17 August 2011.
  35. SHARIA LAW IN BRITAIN...IT WILL NEVER HAPPEN, http://acaciafreedomfighters.blogspot.com, 27 September 2008.
  36. Interview with Andrew G. Bostom/Islam and Anti-Semitism, by Alan Johnson, Democratiya, Winter 2008. Accessed via the internet Archive, 17 August 2011.
  37. Schedule, Facing Jihad: A Lawmakers' Summit, accessed via the Internet Archive, 17 August 2011.
  38. Policy Statement, International Free Press Society, 1 January 2009, accessed via the Internet Archive, 17 August 2011.
  39. NEVER-BEFORE-REVEALED TERRORIST TRAINING VIDEO EXPOSES 35 COMPOUNDS ON AMERICAN SOIL, Christian Action Network, 28 January 2009.
  40. 40.0 40.1 Daniel Luban and Eli Clifton, POLITICS: Dutch Foe of Islam Ignores US Allies' Far Right Ties, Inter Press Service, 28 February 2009.
  41. Gerry Gable, Simon Cressy and Tom Woodson, A hot August?, Searchlight, August 2009.
  42. Sally Anne Johnson, Luton Today, 14 April 2009.
  43. Events, Florida Security Council, accessed 14 September 2009.
  44. Baron Bodissey, Slouching Towards Copenhagen, 23 May 2009.
  45. Baron Bodissey, Slouching towards Copenhagen, 23 May 2009.
  46. New English Review Symposium, New English Review, accessed 15 May 2009.
  47. Muslim group shuts down Conservative conference, Newsmax.com, 28 May 2009.
  48. Dipesh Gadher and Robin Henry, Unmasked: wealthy backers behind far-right league, Sunday Times, 11 December 2011, archived at Hope Not Hate.
  49. Final List of Participants, Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting on Freedom of Religion or Belief, OSCE, accessed 17 August 2011.
  50. Robert Spencer, Libelblogger Charles Johnson of Little Green Footballs digs deeper, adding new lies to his original ones, JihadWatch, 9 September 2009.
  51. Robert Spencer, Oh to be in England, JihadWatch, 19 August 2009.
  52. Robert Spencer, Libelblogger Charles Johnson of Little Green Footballs digs deeper, adding new lies to his original ones, JihadWatch, 9 September 2009.
  53. Seminar about islamization, speaker Alan Lake, part 1, Youtube, uploaded 10 October 2009, accessed 12 October 2009.
  54. Robert Booth, Matthew Taylor and Paul Lewis, English Defence League: chaotic alliance stirs up trouble on streets, The Guardian, 12 September 2009.
  55. James Boxell, Police play down threat from far right, Financial Times, 24 September 2009.
  56. Richard Bartholomew New Anti-Islam Group, Same Old Faces Bartholomew's Notes on Religion Posted on September 27, 2009
  57. Robert Spencer, Spencer at Human Rights Rally in Europe, Jihad Watch, 3 October 2009.
  58. Paul Ray, A United European & International Christian defence force, Lionheart, 23 October 2009.
  59. Richard Bartholomew, Paul Ray Identifies with Northern Ireland Loyalist Groups, 23 October 2009.
  60. David Leask, Far-right extremists contained amid anti-war marches, Scotland on Sunday, 15 November 2009.
  61. Marc Vallée, EDL & PRESS FREEDOM, marcvallee.co.uk, 15 December 2009.
  62. Phone call to Metropolitan Police Press Bureau, 9.40pm, 18 December 2009.
  63. Eli Clifton, CPAC’s Third Rail, Lobelog, 19 February 2010.
  64. Britons In Berlin At Rally For Geert Wilders, International Civil Liberties Alliance, 2 May 2010.
  65. SIOA “NO MOSQUE AT GROUND ZERO” JUNE 6 RALLY (VIDEOS AND PICTURES), No Mosques at Ground Zero, 7 June 2010.
  66. Baron Bodissey, Slouching Towards Zurich, Gates of Vienna, 16 June 2010.
  67. Morrigan Emmaleth and Cassandra Victoria, EDL Jewish Division Issues First Press Release, EDL, 29 June 2010
  68. Video and photos of Elisabeth Sabaditsch-Wolff addressing the English Defence League demonstration, 5 February 2011, accessed 8 February 2011.
  69. EDL founder Stephen Lennon guilty over football brawl, BBC News, 25 July 2011.
  70. Morten Hopperstad, Marianne Vikås, Rolf J. Widerøe, Dennis Ravndal, Hans Henrik Torgersen, Jarle Brenna and Gordon Andersen Breivik's political idol «Fjordman» emerges from anonymity, VG, 5 August 2011.
  71. Dymphna, Counterjihad London 2011, Gates of Vienna, 25 September 2011.
  72. KGS, EDL’S TOMMY ROBINSON TELLS OF HIS PERSECUTION BY THE BRITISH STATE…….., Tundra Tabloids, 29 September 2011.
  73. Slouching Towards Brusells Redux, Gates of Vienna, 15 July 2012
  74. Brussels 2012 Agenda], International Civil Liberties Alliance, 9 July 2012
  75. Stop Islamization of Nations, Worldwide Counter-Jihad Alliance to Launch with Stockholm Demonstration on August 4012, sacbee.com, 12 June 2012.
  76. Slouching Towards Warsaw, Gates of Vienna, 6 October 2013
  77. Shiv Malik, Ex-EDL leader Tommy Robinson says sorry for causing fear to Muslims , The Guardian, 11 October 2013
  78. Sharia Watch UK and the Metamorphosis of Anne Marie Waters, Institute of Race Relations, 21 January 2015
  79. Lizzie Dearden, Germany anti-Islam protests: 17,000 march on Dresden against 'Islamification of the West', The Independent, 23 December 2014, accessed 5 Jan 2015
  80. PEGIDA leader Kathrin Oertel resigns one week after founder quits, CBC, 28 January 2015
  81. ‘Defeat Jihad Summit’ Challenges Islamic Supremacism – And The Obama ‘Strategy’and A.U.M.F. That Disregard It, Center for Security Policy, 10 February 2015, accessed 18 December 2015
  82. Miranda Blue, [Cruz and Jindal join far-right activists at Frank Gaffney 'Defeat Jihad' Forum], 18 February 2015, accessed 25 February 2015
  83. ‘Defeat Jihad Summit’ to feature a parade of Islamophobes, Imagine2050, 7 Feb, 2015, accessed 25 February 2015
  84. Jon Stone UK Pegida rally met with thousands at counter-protests in Newcastle, The Independent, 28 February 2015
  85. Cahal Milmo, Afzal Amin: EDL leader claims shadowy millionaire backed Tory Dudley candidate's plot, The Independent, 23 March 2015
  86. Why the shootings happened in a small city in Texas, BBC Newsbeat, 5 May 2015.
  87. Ewan Palmer, Prophet Mohammed cartoon exhibition with Geert Wilders planned for central London, IBTimes, 2 July 2015
  88. Equal and Free website, accessed October 2015
  89. Jess Denham, London 'Draw Mohamed' exhibition cancelled due to 'real possibility people could be killed', The Independent, 20 August
  90. Lizzie Dearden, Tommy Robinson tells German anti-Islam protesters refugees are 'invading Europe' as Pegida marks anniversary Independent, 20 October 2015
  91. The Local, 29 December 2016
  92. Paul Vale, '- Tommy Robinson To Launch Pegida UK, A British Chapter Of The German Anti-Muslim Movement', The Huffington Post, 04 December 2015. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  93. Sam Balls, Britain First leader Paul Golding found guilty of harassment and wearing a political uniform, Essex Chronicle, 6 January 2016
  94. ''Cologne attacks: Pegida and police clash at migrant protest'' - BBC News, 09 January 2016. Accessed 12 September 2016.
  95. Anti-refugee riots erupt in second Dutch village,Dutch News, 19 January 2016. Accessed September 8 2016.
  96. Paul Wright, '- Britain First: Islamophobic activists barred from carrying 'No More Mosques' banners at Dewsbury protest' International Business Times, January 27, 2016. Accessed September 13, 2016.
  97. Paul Wright, '- Britain First's Holy War: Home Office condemns 'anti-Muslim propaganda' as petition calls for group to be banned' International Business Times, January 29, 2016. Accessed September 13, 2016.
  98. Charlotte Beale, '- 'German police should shoot refugees, says leader of AfD party Frauke Petry' The Independent, 31 January 2016. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  99. Paul Wright, '- Pegida UK: Hundreds attend Birmingham Central Mosque in opposition to Tommy Robinson's anti-Islam march', International Business Times, February 5 2016. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  100. Far-right Britain First stages cringe-worthy picket outside East London Mosque, RT News, 02 March 2016. Accessed 12 September 2016.
  101. Dearden, Lizzie 'Far-right activists 'impersonated police to attack refugees for money and mobile phones' in Calais, The Independent, 12 March 2016. Accessed 09 September 2016.
  102. entry: 2016 Brussels bombing - 2016 Brussels bombing Wikipedia, accessed 13 September 2016.
  103. '- Hundreds of radicals protest against Prague's migration policy', Prague Daily Monitor, 11 April, 2016. Accessed 09 September 2016.
  104. '- Head of German anti-Islam group on trial for hate speech', The Guardian, 19 April 2016. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  105. 'Just 24 marchers turn up to anti-Islamic protest' Burton Mail, 08 May 2016. Accessed 8 September 2016.
  106. '‘Racists not welcome here!’ Britain First Brexit campaigners run out of Leicester', RT News, 22 May, 2016. Accessed 08 September 2016.
  107. 'Swiss injured by neo- Nazi gunman in Austria', The Local, 24 May 2016, Accessed 08 September 2016.
  108. 'Latest far-right protest in Dover another fascist flop', Morning Star, 30 May 2016. Accessed 8 September 2016.
  109. 'Far-right anti-migrant rally sweeps Paris (VIDEO, PHOTOS)', RT News, 28 May 2016. Accessed 14 September 2016.
  110. Simon Walters, Glen Owen, Paul Cahalan 'The neo-Nazi with a swastika on her breast... and Vote Leave badge on her vest: From Holocaust deniers to EDL fascists posing at the Kray twins' grave, the violent thugs and racists hijacking the Brexit campaign' Mail on Sunday, 5 June 2016, Accessed 08 September 2016.
  111. Cynthia Kroet, 'Germany’s far-right AfD split over anti-Semitism' Politico, 07 June 2016. Accessed 12 September 2016.
  112. Chris York, '- Who Is Tommy Mair? Man Arrested Over Jo Cox Murder Linked To Far-Right Groups', The Huffington Post, 17 June 2016. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  113. I. Emmanuel 'L’islamophobie décomplexée de Christine Tassin sous le slogan « ISLAM ASSASSIN ! »', Mediapart, 22 June 2016. Accessed 16 September 2016.
  114. Paul Wright, Tommy Robinson: Ex-EDL leader escapes Euro 2016 ban, celebrates with 'F**k Isis' England flag in France, International Business Times, June 20, 2016. Accessed 08 September 2016.
  115. Jim Waterson, 'Vote Leave avoids handing back £600,000 donation rrom Ex-BNP Member', Buzzfeed, 21 June 2016. Accessed 08 September 2016.
  116. Charlotte Oliver, '- Extremist Joshua Bonehill-Paine charged with harassing Luciana Berger', The Jewish Chronicle, 22 June 2016. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  117. Hortense Goulard, '- Germany’s anti-Islam Pegida movement launches political party' Politico, 07 July 2016. Accessed 12 September 2016
  118. - Pour Marine Le Pen, c’est oui au « Frexit » et à Donald Trump, Le Monde, 07 July 2016. Accessed 12 September 2016.
  119. entry: 2016 Nice attack - 2016 Nice attack Wikipedia. Accessed 13 September 2016.
  120. 'Kelvin MacKenzie's hijab remarks in Sun spark 1,400 complaints', BBC News, 20 July 2016. Accessed 08 September 2016.
  121. Rowena Mason, '- UK should monitor population with 'unique person numbers' – think tank', The Guardian, 08 August 2016. Last Accessed 08 September 2016.
  122. - Ukip's Lisa Duffy defends call for ban on Muslim veils in public places', This is Local London, 08 August 2016. Last Accessed 08 September 2016.
  123. Paul Wright, '- Britain First banned from Luton and all mosques in England and Wales after police High Court victory', International Business Times, August 16, 2016. Last Accessed 08 September 2016.
  124. - BNP Leader Arrested For ‘Electoral Fraud’ Morning Star, 15 August 2016. Last Accessed 08 September 2016.
  125. Islam and Western Civilisation: Can they Coexist?, 2016 Events, American Freedom Alliance, accessed 26 September 2016.
  126. 'Germany: AfD beats Angela Merkel's party in state vote', Al Jazeera, 04 September 2016. Accessed 15 September 2016.
  127. Paul Wright, '- Britain First leader investigated over Cardiff 'mosque invasion' and suspected High Court injunction breach' International Business Times, September 8, 2016. Last Accessed 13 September 2016.
  128. Frank Jordans, 'German nationalist leader seeks renewed use of Nazi-era term', The Hour, 12 September 2016. Accessed 14 September 2016.
  129. Rory Mulholland,Far-Right bar in Lille draws protests, The Telegraph, 25 September 2016. Accessed 28 September 2016.