Horizon Nuclear Power

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Nuclear spin.png This article is part of the Nuclear Spin project of Spinwatch.

Horizon Nuclear Power is a UK energy company formed in January 2009 by the German-owned E.ON UK and RWE npower in a venture to develop new nuclear power stations in the UK.

It is now owned by Hitachi.


In 2009 E.ON and RWE already jointly owned three nuclear power stations in Germany, with stakes in 17 others worldwide.[1]

In March 2012, both companies announced their intention to withdraw from UK nuclear and seek new owners for Horizon. They blamed it on a lack of cash, partly resulting from recent lower profit margins in gas- and coal-powered electricity generation, along with the damage caused by the German government's decision to desert nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima disaster.

'Not an option' for RWE to continue nuclear new build pursuit

In May 2012 MPs on the UK Commons select committee for energy and climate change were told by the chief executive of RWE Volker Beckers that persisting with Horizon was not an option, adding that "It would have meant a [credit] downgrading, and we could not afford to do that." The company had already suffered one downgrade and was reducing its capital requirements in response.

"Our decision was down to the financial firepower of the company," said Tony Cocker, chief executive of E.ON UK. "Nuclear is an extremely long-term investment." [2]

In October 2012 Hitachi bought Horizon and said it would begin 'leading a programme of building new nuclear power plants in the United Kingdom'.[3] It paid £696 million pounds sterling ($1.1 billion). Industry analysts considered this deal 'reasonable' and 'a good price' for EON and RWE that 'could even cause a little book profit'; although still 'no act of liberation for RWE, which is struggling to reach its asset- sales target of 7 billion euros by the end of 2013'. [4]

Government and nuclear firms work together to soften the bad news

In July 2012 it emerged that government officials had worked closely with E.ON and RWE to soften the impact of their major blow to the UK government's nuclear build plans. This, said the Guardian newspaper, was 'further evidence of how Westminster has collaborated with the industry to try and protect nuclear power from bad news, first exposed by the Guardian in the aftermath of the Fukushima accident in Japan last year'. It revealed that:

Two days before the announcement, Hergen Haye, head of new nuclear at the Department of Energy and Climate Change (Decc), wrote to E.ON and RWE. He asked if he could be informed when the companies had told Carwyn Jones, Labour's first minister for Wales, of their decision. Haye told the companies that this was "in order for us to share our press lines to co-ordinate a united message". The companies' proposed press statements looked "broadly fine", he said, but promised to forward "any detailed comments". He asked about "engagement plans and timing" for telling local authorities. "Also we have been thinking about some difficult/defensive line issues and would be grateful for sight of what you may say," he said.
He wanted to know how the companies would respond to journalists questioning whether the UK government could have done something differently to prevent the pull out. "Do you think it is possible for new nuclear to be built in the UK?" Haye asked. E.ON responded the next morning by saying it believed that ministers were "putting in place a framework which will make it possible for new nuclear". Its withdrawal was "not a reflection on the work done by the UK government".
At the same time, RWE gave details of when it was informing Jones, as well as Labour's shadow energy minister, Tom Greatrex, the commercial secretary to the Treasury, Lord Sassoon, and a raft of other politicians and local stakeholders. "We think it is possible for new nuclear to be built in the UK," RWE said. "As you can see from the press release, we are not making any comment on the UK policy position."
The emails, large portions of which have been censored, were released by Decc in response to a request under freedom of information legislation. One from RWE is marked "strictly private and confidential".[5]

Part of efforts to neuter anti-nuclear protest?

In October 2012, a Department of Energy and Climate Change document released to Spinwatch under Freedom of Information laws revealed that Horizon was one of three nuclear companies present at a National Public Order Intelligence Unit (NPOIU) meeting on 'activism and nuclear new build' held Whitehall in June 2011. Also present were government officials from BIS, DECC and the Home Office, along with the Civil Nuclear Constabulary, a specialist force for guarding nuclear power sites. The other companies were EDF and NuGen.

Police officers from three areas where new nuclear stations are planned were also involved – Avon and Somerset (Hinkley Point), Suffolk (Sizewell) and North Wales (Wylfa). [6]

All names of officials, police officers and industry attendees, however, were redacted. The meeting's stated purpose was to:

  • obtain an agreed understanding of the available intelligence on the risk to the new build programme from environmental activism
  • identify key stakeholder concerns and issues
  • identify any potential gaps in arrangements for managing the risk of direct action or protests at new build sites or to identify areas where further clarity is needed'

You can view the document Annex 4 Activism and Nuclear New Build: Stakeholder Roundtable Thursday 9 June at 10.00am, Room G07, 55 Whitehall at Spinwatch's website.

Government meetings

In August 2010 Horizon met with Cheryl Gillan, Secretary of State for Wales, to discuss 'Welsh Issues', along with Magnox and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. [7]

PR and lobbying firms



  • Alan Raymant - Chief Operating Officer, Horizon Nuclear Power
  • Leon Flexman, Head of Corporate Affairs, Horizon Nuclear Power


Since October 2014 includes Dr Tim Stone, former UK government adviser and expert chair of the Office for Nuclear Development.


  1. E.ON UK Nuclear, website accessed 4 June 2012
  2. Damian Carrington, Energy companies blame abandonment of nuclear plans on lack of cash, guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 15 May 2012 16.49 BST, accessed 4 June 2012
  3. Hitachi Announces the Acquisition of Horizon Nuclear Power, Hitachi, 30 October 2012
  4. Tsuyoshi Inajima and Yuji Okada , Hitachi Buys U.K. Nuclear Power Venture for $1.1 Billion, Bloomberg Businessweek, October 30, 2012, acc 8 Oct 2013
  5. Rob Edwards, Emails reveal UK government's moves to protect nuclear power from bad news, guardian.co.uk, Thursday 19 July 2012 12.31 BST, acc same day
  6. Rob Edwards in cooperation with Spinwatch, Police trying to neuter anti-nuclear protest, 02 October 2012
  7. Wales Office. Ministerial meetings with outside interests, 1 Aug - 30 Sep 2010
  8. Lodestone Communications Our clients, accessed 27 July 2015.