Gatsby Charitable Foundation
The Gatsby Charitable Foundation (Charity no. 251988) is an endowed grant-making trust, where trustees can give money to any charitable cause. It was founded in 1967 by David Sainsbury. It has strong links with the biotech industry and according to the foundations website it works in many areas including: plant science, neuroscience, education, Africa, public policy and the arts. In July 1998 the trust provided the funds for the Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit to be created at University College London (UCL). The Gatsby Foundation also runs the Gatsby Plant Science summer school; an 'intensive week of talks from leading scientists, constructive careers sessions, eye-opening practicals and thought-provoking discussions with researchers and peers turns some of the UK’s brightest bioscience undergraduates on to a future in plant science'.
Through his Gatsby Charitable Foundation Lord Sainsbury has put millions into the study of plant genetics. Gatsby gives approximately £2 million a year to the Sainsbury Laboratory of the John Innes Centre, which does research into GM crops.  Lord Sainsbury helped found the Laboratory in 1987 and his Gatsby Foundation remains its principal source of funding, although it also receives over £800,000 a year from the Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council (BBSRC) , for which Sainsbury is responsible in his ministerial role. Its grant has increased several fold during Sainsbury's time as minister.
Like his biotech investments, his Gatsby contributions have been administered through a blind trust run by his solicitor Judith Portrait since Sainsbury became UK Science Minister. Portrait is also a Gatsby trustee.  Although he does not attend Gatsby meetings or make decisions, Sainsbury retains the power to appoint and dismiss its trustees.
Whilst Science Minister in 2000 Lord Sainsbury drew some criticism after stating he was in favour of therapeutic cloning (the cloning of human embryos which could allow scientists to create "spare parts" for the body). In an interview with The Telegraph he said "The important benefits which can come from this research outweigh any other considerations one might have - that would be my own personal ethical judgment".
Lord Sainsbury has a long record of providing donations to political parties. In the 1980s, before he was Lord Sainsbury, he provided significant funding to the Social Democrats. Once Labour moved more towards the centre of the political spectrum, he began to provide financial help to the party. It is believed that in total he donated up to £16 million to the Labour Party since 1994, when Tony Blair became leader. He was given his peerage in 1997 and became Government Minister for Science in 1998. 
List of key staff working at the Gatsby Charitable Foundation. Correct as of 8 July 2016.
- Alan Bookbinder - Head of the Sainsbury Family Charitable Trusts
- Peter Hesketh - Director of Gatsby
- Karen Everett - Finance Director
- Nigel Thomas - Science & Engineering Education
- Justin Highstead - Africa Programmes
- Jennifer Allen - Science & Engineering Education
- Jenifer Burden - Science & Engineering Education
- Olivia Elliot - Africa Programmes
- Christine Farry - PA to Alan Bookbinder
- Jenni French - Science & Engineering Education
- Kate Ford - Science & Engineering Education
- James Foster - Africa Programmes
- Ben Gimson - Africa Programmes
- Nikki Jeffery - Africa Programmes
- Robert Jenkins - Africa Programmes
- Beth Jones - Science & Engineering Education
- Lee Kirkham - Africa Programmes
- Laura McDonald - Africa Programmes
- David McNicoll - Africa Programmes
- Mahmood Noman - Africa Programmes
- Claire Nylander - Africa Programmes
- Ginny Page - Science & Engineering Education
- Luke Potter - Africa Programmes
- Rafia Qureshi - Africa Programmes
- Michelle Rea - Science & Engineering Education
- Faye Riley - Science & Engineering Education
- Jessica Roberts - PA to Peter Hesketh
- Daniel Sandford Smith - Science & Engineering Education
- Jean Scrase - Science & Engineering Education
- Andrew Smith - Africa Programmes
- Hannah Stanwix - Science & Engineering Education
- Jack Steege - Africa Programmes
- Gary Wilson - Neuroscience, Plant Science
- The Peak, 5 Wilton Road, London, SW1V 1AP
- Tel: +44 (0)20 7410 0330 / Fax:+44 (0)20 7410 0332
- 'About Gatsby', The Gatsby Charitable Foundation website, accessed 8 July 2016.
- The Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit - UCL, accessed 8 July 2016.
- 'Gatsby Plant Science summer school', Gatsby Charitable Foundation website, accessed 8 July 2016.
- 'Labour's Business Backers: Are They Ethical?', Friends of the Earth, accessed 8 July 2016.
- 'Lord Sainsbury Quits as Minister', BBC, accessed 8 July 2016.
- 'Report of the Directors', J Sainsbury plc. Retrieved via the Internet Archive of 26 February 2009 on 8 July 2016.
- Rachel Sylvester, 'Sainsbury's own brand - science and some Gatsby', 29 July 2000, accessed 8 July 2016.
- Profile: Lord Sainsbury, BBC, 8 September 1999, accessed 8 July 2016.
- BBC, 'Lord Sainsbury Quits as Minister', BBC, 10 November 2006, accessed 8 July 2016.
- Key People, The Gatsby Charitable Foundation website, accessed 8 July 2016.
- Data from Internet Archive holdings of the Science Media Centre website, 2002-2014
- May 2009 http://web.archive.org/web/20090830202526/http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/pages/about/funding.htm
- May 2010 http://web.archive.org/web/20100822091312/http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/pages/about/funding.htm
- June 2011 http://web.archive.org/web/20110807075127/http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/pages/about/funding.htm
- August 2012 http://web.archive.org/web/20120922235445/http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/pages/about/funding.htm
- August 2013 http://powerbase.info/images/f/f2/Funding_-_Science_Media_Centre_-_as_at_August_2013_captured_16_August_2013.jpg
- August 2014 http://web.archive.org/web/20150316114254/http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/about-us/funding/