Kumar Ramakrishna

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Dr. Kumar Ramakrishna is a counterinsurgency theorist. He is Head (Centre of Excellence for National Security) at the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, and is part of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, the same university as Rohan Gunaratna.


  • BSc (1st Class Hons), NUS
  • Master of Defence Studies, University of New South Wales
  • PhD, Royal Holloway, University of London

Professional Activities

Selected Publications

  • “The Malayan Rebellion 1948-60”, in Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements, James DeFronzo, (Ed.), (Westview-Perseus, 2005);
  • ‘The Making of the Jemaah Islamiyah Terrorist’, in Teaching Terror: Knowledge Transfer in the Terrorist World (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 2005;
  • ‘Countering Radical Islam in Southeast Asia — The Need to Address the Functional and Ideological “Enabling Environment”’, in Paul J. Smith. (Ed.), Terrorism and Transnational Violence in Southeast Asia: Challenges to State and Regional Stability (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2004);
  • ‘Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Ideological and Political Dimensions’, Southeast Asian Affairs 2004, (Singh and Chin, eds.) Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2004;
  • ‘Making Malaya Safe for Decolonization: The Rural Chinese Factor in the Counterinsurgency Campaign’, in The Transformation of Southeast Asia: International Perspectivs on Decolonization, (Frey, Pruessen and Tan, eds.) New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2003, pp. 161-179;
  • After Bali: The Threat of Terrorism in Southeast Asia (Singapore: World Scientific-Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, 2003) (co-editor);
  • The New Terrorism: Anatomy, Trends and Counter-Strategies (Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, 2002) (co-editor);
  • Emergency Propaganda: The Winning of Malayan Hearts and Minds, 1948-1958 (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2002);
  • ‘Content, Credibility and Context: Propaganda, Government Surrender Policy and the Malayan Communist Terrorist Mass Surrenders of 1958’, in The Clandestine Cold War in Asia, 1945-65, (Aldrich, Rawnsley and Rawnsley, Eds.) London: Frank Cass, 2000;
  • ‘The Southeast Asian Approach to Counter-Terrorism: Learning from Indonesia and Malaysia’, Journal of Conflict Studies (forthcoming Summer 2005);
  • ‘Interstate and Intrastate Dynamics in Southeast Asia’s War on Terror’, SAIS Review, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004), pp. 91-105 (co-author);
  • “Anatomy of a Collapse: Explaining the Malayan Communist Mass Surrenders of 1958”, War and Society, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Oct. 2003), pp. 109-133;
  • ‘Forging an Indirect Strategy in Southeast Asia’, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Spring 2002), pp. 161-176;
  • ‘“Bribing the Reds to Give Up”: Rewards Policy in the Malayan Emergency’, War in History, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2002), pp. 332-353;
  • ‘The US Foreign Policy of Praetorian Unilateralism and the Implications for Southeast Asia’, in September 11 and Political Freedoms: Asian Perspectives, ed. by Uwe Johannen et al. (Singapore: Select Publishing, 2002), pp. 116-141.