Institute of International Finance
- Created in 1983 in response to the international debt crisis, the IIF prides itself on being "the world's only global association of financial institutions" according to Charles H. Dallara, its managing director since 1993. "The IIF has evolved to meet the changing needs of the financial community, and its members include most of world's largest commercial banks and investment banks, as well as a growing number of insurance companies and investment management firms, in all 320 members headquartered in more than 60 countries."
- What Dallara, the former assistant secretary of the U.S. Treasury, doesn't say: their rival, the half-century-old IMC, has lost much of its international relevance because most major financial institutions of the world have put their eggs into the IIF basket. This way the IIF has become the most powerful lobbying platform to protect the business interests of the "global players" in a world of evermore expanding private capital flows.
- Looking at the Berlin meetings of the IMC and IIF, the turmoil in global finance over the recent decades has left its mark.
- First, due to mergers and the integration of commercial and investment banking, many of the big names in global banking are gone. In a move of self-preservation, the IMC opened its doors to a broad range of financial institutions. Chairmen and presidents of investment firms, insurance companies, and other financial conglomerates are stabilizing the IMC's membership. Now, about eighty banks and other financial institutions keep the IMC afloat. Some of the top bankers, such as Lloyds TSB Group's Maarten van den Bergh, propose merging both banker's clubs for reasons of efficiency.
- Second, as the "big players" in global finance built up the IIF as their main international research and lobbying platform, they opted for a new division of labor: They use the IMC's seclusive annual meeting for the CEOs--accompanied by their spouses--to meet socially in the setting of a closed conference where they can mingle with top central bankers, supervisors, and other high finance officials. They let the IIF--with a much broader membership--do the global research, coordination, and lobby work. Top bank leaders such as Sir John Bond, the outgoing Group Chairman of HSBC, and Josef Ackermann, chief executive of Deutsche Bank, are calling the shots at both powerful banking clubs. At the Berlin meeting, Deutsche Bank head Ackermann took over the chairmanship of the IIF from--you guessed--HSBC boss Sir John Bond.
- Third, this explains why the IMC board kicked out the small financial press contingent that over decades has been attending the annual meetings in all parts of the world. That happened two years ago, at the Ritz Carlton in Singapore, under the presidency of Douglas A. Warner III, then chairman of the board of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., who made millions by merging his bank. The exception under the new rule: The press is allowed to attend the central bank governors panel.
- In Berlin, IIF's Dallara and the 450 senior executives from banks across the world had good cause to celebrate a major lobbying victory to protect their commercial interests in global markets. Through the IIF, the "big players" stood up against the International Monetary Fund and most G7 governments and central banks. With the IIF in front, the major financial associations of the private sector suckeeded in blocking IMF plans for a statutory Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism (SDRM) at the Spring IMF/World Bank meeting. The G7 finance ministers and central bankers had endorsed the plan to put some statutory order into sovereign bankruptcy situations a la Argentina.
- By sinking the SDRM, the world's top banks succeeded in preserving their options for expanded private-sector involvement in financial crisis prevention and crisis resolution by putting more and more collective action clauses in bond contracts and by pushing for voluntary best practices standards on global financial markets. Earlier, the IIF was at the center of coordinating the input of the major financial institutions in reforming the new capital rules under Basel II and other major steps toward modernizing the international financial architecture.
- "We are encouraged by the growing support for the market-based approach to crisis management that the IIF has advocated for some time," said Ackermann. "The spread of collective action clauses in the marketplace and the development of a code of conduct for emerging markets finance are our current priorities."
- To prepare the new code of conduct, Dallara and company have engaged Jacques de Larosiere, a former IMF managing director and former president of the Bank of France and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, who in spite of his 74 years will be a big help to the self-regulation efforts of the major global banks.
According to the IIF website:
- The Institute of International Finance, Inc. (IIF), is the world's only global association of financial institutions. Created in 1983 in response to the international debt crisis, the IIF has evolved to meet the changing needs of the financial community.
- Members include most of the world's largest commercial banks and investment banks, as well as a growing number of insurance companies and investment management firms. Among the Institute's Associate members are multinational corporations, trading companies, export credit agencies, and multilateral agencies.
- Approximately half of the Institute's members are European-based financial institutions, and representation from the leading financial institutions in emerging market countries is also increasing steadily. Today the Institute has more than 350 members headquartered in more than 60 countries.
- Barclays PLC
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- Export Credits Guarantee Department (ECGD)
- Fitch Ratings
- HSBC Holdings plc.
- Lloyds TSB Group PLC
- Moscow Narodny Bank Limited
- Royal Bank of Scotland PLC
- Standard Chartered Bank
- Josef Ackermann* Chairman of the Management Board and the Group Executive Committee Deutsche Bank AG
First Vice Chairman
Vice Chairman and Treasurer
Roberto E. Setúbal* President and Chief Executive Officer Banco Itaú S.A.
Hassan El Sayed Abdalla Vice Chairman and Managing Director Arab African International Bank
Amirsham A. Aziz Managing Director Malayan Banking Berhad
Daniel Bouton* Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Société Générale
Yannis S. Costopoulos* Chairman of the Board of Directors Alpha Bank A.E.
Ibrahim S. Dabdoub Chief Executive Officer National Bank of Kuwait, S.A.K.
Charles H. Dallara (ex officio)* Managing Director The Institute of International Finance, Inc.
Alvaro G. de Molina Chief Financial Officer Bank of America Corporation
Tom de Swaan Senior Advisor to the Managing Board ABN Amro Bank N.V.
Ahmass Fakahany Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
David I. Fisher Chairman Capital Group International
Francisco González Rodriguez Chairman and Chief Executive Officer BBVA
Stephen K. Green Group Chief Executive HSBC Holdings plc
William B. Harrison Jr. Chairman of the Board J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.
K. V. Kamath Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer ICICI Bank Ltd.
Nobuo Kuroyanagi* President and Chief Executive Officer, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Inc. President and Chief Executive Officer, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd.
Gustavo A. Marturet Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Banco Mercantil
Klaus-Peter Mueller Chairman of the Board of Managing Directors Commerzbank AG
Tsunehiro Nakayama Deputy President Mizuho Corporate Bank
Gordon M. Nixon President and Chief Executive Officer RBC Financial Group
H. Ersin Özince Chairman, Banks' Association of Turkey Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Türkiye Is Bankasi A.S.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Erste Bank
Marcus Wallenberg Chairman of the Board Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken
Peter Wuffli* Group Chief Executive Officer UBS AG
- ^ Bankerspeak: behind-the-scenes chatter at the recent International Monetary Conference - Letter From Berlin The International Economy, Summer, 2003 by Klaus C. Engelen.
- ^ Bankerspeak: behind-the-scenes chatter at the recent International Monetary Conference - Letter From Berlin and Page 2The International Economy, Summer, 2003 by Klaus C. Engelen.
- ^ IIF Website Members Accessed January 2007