Richard Clutterbuck

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“History has shown that terrorism can be and has been eliminated by a ruthless response...” – Richard Clutterbuck [1]

Major-General Richard Clutterbuck

Major General Richard Lewis Clutterbuck, (born November 22, 1917, died January 6,1998) was one of the seminal counter-insurgency theorists of the 1960s and early 1970s and was closely associated with the St Andrews Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence set up in 1994. Clutterbuck's ideas on counter-insurgency were developed through his military experience in 13 post-war UK colonial conflicts.

He was a member of the Institute for the Study of Conflict until December 1977, [2] and was a member of the Advisory Council at the St Andrews Centre from its inception until his death in 1998. After Clutterbuck's demise, his archive was left to the St Andrews Centre and his lasting influence on the Centre has been noted by senior members. In his introduction to British Perspectives on Terrorism, Director of the St Andrews Centre, Paul Wilkinson recognizes this intellectual lineage, paying tribute to the work of both Clutterbuck, and Frank Kitson, yet another British Army commander turned counter-insurgency theorist.

Clutterbuck helped pioneer the development of the Control Risks Information Service, designed to 'brief business and industry on political violence around the world'[3]


  • Bloch, J. Fitzgerald, P. British Intelligence and Covert Action. 1984, p 209
  • CounterSpy 1982-01 , p. 56
  • Covert Action Information Bulletin 1980-#7 p. 14
  • Dorril, S. MI6. 2000 , p. 772
  • Dorril, S. Ramsay,R. Smear! 1992 , p. 218
  • Herman, E. O'Sullivan,G. The Terrorism Industry. 1989 , p. 133
  • Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1990-10-24 , p. 6-7
  • Intelligence Newsletter (Paris) 1994-05-05 , p. 8
  • Lashmar, P. Oliver,J. Britain's Secret Propaganda War. 1998 , p. 164
  • Livingstone, N. The Cult of Counterterrorism. 1990 , p. 170
  • Lobster Magazine (Britain) 1998-#35 , p. 27
  • Lobster Magazine (Britain) 2002-#43 , p. 15-16


  1. Richard Clutterbuck, Kidnap and Ransom: the response (London: Faber and Faber, 1978) p.181)
  2. Notification of Change in Director or Secretary or in their Particulars, filed at Companies House on 19 September 1979
  3. Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence The Richard Clutterbuck Collection, Retrieved from the Internet Archive of 4 August 2003, on 10 December 2011