Gordon Tullock (born February 13, 1922) is Professor of Law and Economics at the George Mason University School of Law in Arlington, Virginia. Tullock is a free market economist who has pioneered the application of economic theories to the political system. This has fed into the resurgence of free market ideas across the world and indeed Tullock had been directly involved in this via his role in various neoliberal think tanks.
A native of Rockford, Illinois, Tullock received his J.D. from the University of Chicago in 1947 and an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1994. He is a distinguished fellow of the American Economic Association (1998). He has published more than 150 papers and 23 books, including The Politics of Bureaucracy (1965), Private Wants, Public Means (1970), The Logic of the Law (1971), The Vote Motive (1976; 2006), Autocracy (1987), Rent Seeking (1993), The Economics of Non-Human Societies (1994) and On Voting: A Public Choice Approach (1998).
The Calculus of Consent (1962), which he co-authored with James M. Buchanan, is considered to be one of the founding works of the discipline of public choice theory. In 1967 he identified the phenomenon of rent-seeking. “Tullock’s hypotheses,” “Tullock’s laws,” and “Tullock’s paradoxes” have shaped the development of public choice and have charted new areas in law and economics and sociobiology.
In 1966, Tullock became the founding editor of Papers in Non-Market Decision Making, a journal which was later renamed Public Choice. Until May 1990 he remained senior editor of Public Choice. He has also served as President of the Southern Economic Association, the Western Economic Association and the Public Choice Society. In 1996 he was elected to the American Political Science Review Hall of Fame.
- Buchanan, James M. and Gordon Tullock. (1962), The Calculus of Consent. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
- Tullock, Gordon (1987), “public choice," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v. 3, pp. 1040–44.
- _____ (1989), The Economics of Special Privilege and Rent-Seeking. Boston & Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.