Federal Bureau of Investigation
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is a US national security and law enforcement organisation. Its stated mission is "to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners."
The Bureau's training of agents in relation to Islam was the subject of controversy in 2011 when it emerged that materials used included anti-Muslim authors such as Robert Spencer and Daniel Pipes.
- Stanley W. Finch, 1908-1912
- Alexander B. Bielaski, 1912-1919
- William E. Allen, 1919
- William J. Flynn, 1919-1921
- William J. Burns, 1921-1924
- J. Edgar Hoover, 1924-1972
- L. Patrick Gray, 1972-1973
- William D. Ruckelshaus, 1973
- Clarence M. Kelley, 1973-1978
- James B. Adams, 1978
- William H. Webster, 1978-1987
- John E. Otto, 1987
- William S. Sessions, 1987-1993
- Floyd I. Clarke, 1993
- Louis J. Freeh, 1993-2001
- Thomas J. Pickard, 2001
- Robert S. Mueller, III, 2001-
- David Wise, When the FBI Spent Decades Hunting for a Soviet Spy on Its Staff, Smithsonian, October 2013.
- Quick Facts, FBI.gov, accessed 24 September 2011.
- Spencer Ackerman, FBI ‘Islam 101′ Guide Depicted Muslims as 7th-Century Simpletons, Danger Room, Wire.com, 27 July 2011.
- Eli Clifton, FBI Library And Online Training Resources Stocked With Islamophobic Material, Think Progress, 23 September 2011.
- Directors, Then and Now, FBI.gov, accessed 24 September 2011.