Carmi Gillon was born in 1950 in Jerusalem. His grandfather was the only Jewish judge to serve on the Supreme Court of the British Mandate of Palestine, his father was a State Attorney, and his mother was Deputy Attorney General.
Gillon began his army service in the armored corps and was later transferred to the artillery corps. He was injured during the Sinai Campaign, but returned to complete his army service. He was released from the army in 1971 and began studying political science and public administration in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He joined the Shin Bet during his studies.
After joining the Shin Bet, Gillon worked as a bodyguard in the field as well as in senior headquarter positions.He headed the Jewish Department from 1982 to 1987, During this time, he was involved with the capture of the Jewish Underground and of Yonah Avrushmi, who threw a grenade at a Peace Now demonstration in Jerusalem in 1983.
He left this position in order to begin studies in the National Security College. He served in a number of senior positions during study for an MA in political science and public administration.
In 1989 he was appointed head of the Training Division. In 1990, he became head of the Northern Command in the ISA, a position in which he was responsible for Shin Bet activity in Lebanon. In 1993, he became head of the Administrative Division, responsible for HR, finances and logistics.
On 4 November 1995 Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated. Immediately following the assassination, Gillon appointed an internal committee, which submitted preliminary findings and conclusions three days later. When he presented the report to the proxy prime minister, Shimon Peres, Gillon also submitted his resignation. In February 1996, after a short period of parallel service with Ami Ayalon, Carmi Gillon resigned from the Shin Bet.
In January 2013, Gillon abruptly abandoned a visit to Denmark for a screening of the film The Gatekeepers, after a complaint accusing him of torture was filed with the Danish police. The complaint was subsequently rejected for lack of evidence.
- Carmi Gillon, Israel Security Agency, Accessed 10 May 2013.
- CARMI GILLON/1994-1996, thegatekeepersfilm.com, accessed 10 May 2013.
- Barak Ravid, Ex-Shin Bet chief flees Denmark following leftist group's complaint to police, Haaretz, 12 January 2014.