Manor was born Arthur Mendelovici, in Sighet, Transylvania, now in Romania, in 1918. In 1944 he was sent with most of his family on the first transport of Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz. He survived the Holocaust and from 1947 was active in Romania in Aliyah Bet, which was responsible for smuggling Jewish refugees into Mandate Palestine. His code name was "Amos." In June 1949 he immigrated to Israel with a forged Czech passport and a month later was recruited to the Shin Bet. In January 1950, he officially became Amos Manor.
Manor joined the Shin Bet as head of the eastern Europe desk in the non-Arab Affairs Department. In 1950 he became the first head of the department which until then had reported directly to Shin Bet chief Isser Harel.
In 1952 Manor was appointed deputy chief of the Shin Bet. and in October 1953 he replaced Izi Dorot as Shin Bet chief as the latter followed Harel to the Mossad. In 1963 he retired from the service in 1963.
- Namebase MANOR AMOS
- Yossi Melman, Shin Bet chief during Cold War, Amos Manor, dies at age of 88, Haaretz, 6 August 2007.
- Efrat Weiss, Former Shin Bet chief Amos Manor dies, age 89, Ynet, 5 August 2007.