The Australian Financial Review claimed of Trafigura in 2005: "According to industry experts and investigators, it was founded in 1993 by former Rich traders with money from Rich. Experts say he invested in companies such as Trafigura to expand his empire, though most contend he no longer has a stake in them.
The Marc Rich Group has stated:
- Trafigura does not belong to Marc Rich and never did. The original founders and some of the current owners of Trafigura once worked for the Marc Rich Group. However, Trafigura was formed without help or finance from the Marc Rich Group, and there is no business relationship between the two companies.
Cote d'Ivoire dumping controversy
In May 2009, the Guardian reported that a ship chartered by Trafigura, the Probo Koala, had dumped 2 tonnes of toxic hydrogen sulphide in Cote D'Ivoire.
A confidential report cited by the Guardian in May 2013, suggested that Trafigura may have breached sanctions by supplying material to a company linked to Iran's nuclear programme.
- Trading - 100 per cent owned.
- Shipping and chartering - 100 per cent owned.
- Puma Energy - 62 per cent owned.
- Impala Warehousing and Logistics - 100 per cent owned.
- Mining Group - 100 per cent owned.
- DT Group - 50 per cent owned.
- Galena Asset Management - 100 per cent owned.
- About Us, Trafigura, accessed 4 April 2013.
- David Leigh, Inside Trafigura: Accusations, sour deals and friends in high places, The Guardian, 16 September 2009.
- Marcia Vickers, The Rich Boys; An ultra-secretive network rules independent oil trading, Australian Financial Review, 13 September 2013.
- FAQ, The Marc Rich Group, accesssed 4 September 2013.
- David Leigh and Afua Hirsch, Papers prove Trafigura ship dumped toxic waste in Ivory Coast, The Guardian, 14 May 2009.
- Rupert Neate, Glencore and Trafigura 'may have supplied Iran's nuclear programme', The Guardian, 23 May 2013.
- Our Structure, Trafigura, accessed 4 September 2013.