Rafid Ahmed Alwan

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Rafid Ahmed Alwan, known by the Central Intelligence Agency codename "Curveball", is an Iraqi citizen who defected from Iraq in 1999, claiming that he had worked as a chemical engineer at a plant that manufactured mobile biological weapon laboratories as part of an Iraqi weapons of mass destruction program.[1] Alwan's allegations were subsequently shown to be false by the Iraq Survey Group's final report published in 2004.[2][3]


  1. BBC Online Iraq war source's name revealed, BBC News 2007-11-02
  2. The Record on CURVEBALL: Declassified Documents and Key Participants Show the Importance of Phony Intelligence in the Origins of the Iraq War, National Security Archive, The George Washington University, 2007-11-07, accessed 27 April 2009
  3. Bob Drogin Determining the Reliability of a Key CIA Source Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University, Spring, 2008, accessed 27 April 2009