National Union for the Total Independence of Angola
The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) is the second-largest political party in Angola. Founded in 1966, UNITA fought with the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the Angolan War for Independence (1961–1975) and then against the MPLA in the ensuing Angolan Civil War (1975–2002).
The war was one of the most prominent Cold War proxy war's, with UNITA receiving military aid from the United States and South Africa while the MPLA received support from the Soviet Union and its allies.
From its foundation until his death in 2002, UNITA was led by Jonas Savimbi. His successor as President of UNITA is Isaías Samakuva. Following Savimbi's death, UNITA abandoned armed struggle and participated in electoral politics. The party won 16 out of 220 seats in the Angolan parliamentary election, 2008.
Sean Cleary did PR work for Jonas Savimbi and UNITA through his firm Strategy Network International. According to The Independent Strategy Network International was specifically created to lobby against economic sanctions and as propagandist for Unita, the Angolan opposition group, and for the so-called 'transitional government' of Namibia set up in defiance of UN resolution 435 on Namibian independence.
UNITA received support from the governments of Bulgaria,Egypt, France, Israel, Morocco, the People's Republic of China, North Korea (although North Korea later recognized the MPLA government), Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the United States, Zaire, and Zambia..
- BBC News,Obituary: Jonas Savimbi, Unita's local boy, BBC News 25-February-2002, Accessed 11-September-2009
- PATRICIA WYNN DAVIES, RICHARD DOWDEN and JOHN CARLIN, The Attack on Sleaze: How apartheid regime set out to woo Tories: Patricia Wynn Davies tells the story of the firm which gave MPs a South African perspective, The Independent, 26-October-1994, Accessed 11-September-2009
- Herbert M. (2004), Ambiguous Order: Military Forces In African States PP:81
- Beit-Hallahmi Benjamin, (1988), The Israeli Connection: Whom Israel Arms and Why, PP65
- AlʻAmin Mazrui Ali, (1977), The Warrior Tradition in Modern Africa, PP228
- John Stockwell, 1975, Angola: Mercenaries, Murder and Corruption, Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade, 1991, Accessed 11-September-2009
- PATRICIA WYNN DAVIES, RICHARD DOWDEN and JOHN CARLIN, The Attack on Sleaze: How apartheid regime set out to woo Tories: Patricia Wynn Davies tells the story of the firm which gave MPs a South African perspective, The Independent, 26-October-1994, Accessed 03-October-2009