The Binnenlandse Veiligheidsdienst (BVD) was a former Dutch security and intelligence agency.
The BVD was established in 1949, replacing the Bureau for National Security (BNV).
According to security researcher Daniele Ganser, the BVD's first head, Louis Einthoven, set up a secret stay behind network codenamed 'O'.
In 1994, the Dutch foreign intelligence service, the IDB, was closed down in the wake of controversy over its cold war activities and its functions taken over by the BVD.
In 2002, the BVD was renamed the Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst (AIVD), or General Intelligence and Security Service.
- Louis Einthoven c.1949
- Arthur Docters van Leeuwen c.1991.
- Nico Buis c.1997.
- Sybrand van Hulst chief BVD-AIVD 1997-2007.
Jon Henley, Mr Chips turns out to be 007, The Guardian, 4 December 2004.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Binnenlandse Veiligheidsdienst (BVD) (National Intelligence and Security Agency), Federation of American Scientists, accessed 18 March 2013.
- ↑ Daniele Ganser, NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe, Frank Cass, 2005, p.152.
- ↑ Daniele Ganser, NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe, Frank Cass, 2005, p.151.
- ↑ Holland: Hague bomb, Statewatch bulletin, Vol 3 no 4 July-August 1993.
- ↑ NICO W.G. BUIS, Intelligence Online, 13 February 1997.
- ↑ Giles Scott-Smith, Interdoc: Full Story With Pics, The Holland Bureau, 5 December 2012.