N officers 1

From Powerbase
Jump to: navigation, search


URG logo 1.png

This article is part of the Undercover Research Portal at Powerbase: investigating corporate and police spying on activists.


Part of a series on the
Undercover
Policing Inquiry
N Officers list
Description: A list of N & HN cyphers used to designate individual officers in the Inquiry and by Operation Herne (Part 1)

Police officers cited in the Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI) are generally designated by a cypher / nominal starting with N or HN followed by a number. The practice of assigning these cyphers was begun in by the Metropolitan Police inquiry Operation Herne which investigated the activities of the Special Demonstration Squad undercovers. It was subsequently adopted by Mark Ellison for his Review and the UCPI, both of which draw heavily on Operation Herne. The system appears to have changed in 2017, when the Inquiry began using the 'HN' label, though the associated numbers appear unchanged.[1]

Due to the number of offices and associated details, the list has been split into several pages. This is page 1, covering N officers with cypher number up to 99.

  • Updated 18 May 2018; further details of restriction order applications, etc. can be found under individual officer pages where linked.

N Officers (1 - 99)

Cypher Name Status Notes
HN1 unknown - likely to be Matt Rayner (alias) Minded-To: real name cannot be published.[2] SDS UCO. Deployed against animal rights groups 1992-1997; cover name already in public domain and there 'are allegations about his conduct which require to be publicly ventilated to permit the Inquiry to fulfil its terms of reference. Publication of his real name is not necessary to permit this to be achieved. It would carry significant risks to his physical safety and well-being and the well-being of his family.'[2]
HN2 Andy Coles a.k.a. Andy Davey Real and cover name confirmed SDS UCO and cover officer.

For more detail, see the profile of HN2

No restriction order applications made; cover name and real name to be published.[3]

HN3 Jason Bishop Cover name released 1 May 2018.[4] SDS UCO deployed 1998 - 2006 into Reclaim the Streets, Earth First! and Disarm DSEi.[4]

Jan 2018: more time granted 'to provide the Chairman with information in order for him to make a decision'.[5][6]

N5 John Dines (a.k.a. John Barker) Confirmed.[7] SDS UCO
HN7 unknown Final restriction order over real and cover name, granted 4 Sept 2017 on medical grounds .[1][8] SDS UCO. Deployed in the late 1980s and early 1990s to three groups. Unconnected with his undercover deployment he sustained a significant head injury while a police officer. This injury and an unrelated condition have caused significant mental and personal problems, subject to a report by Prof. George Fox - who concludes there is a 'significant' ('highly likely to occur') risk of suicide if HN7's real or cover name were published.[9]

For more detail, see the profile of HN7

HN8 unknown April 2018 Minded-to: neither real or cover name can be published.[10] SDS UCO. Deployed into one group in 1980s/1990s. In their 60s. Mitting:
The deployment was unremarkable. if the real or cover name of HN8 were to be published, there would be a real risk of interference in two aspects of the private life of HN8 - physical integrity and the ability to perform socially useful and remunerative work. The risk to physical integrity, which is real, if contingent, may arise from either members or associates of the group infiltrated. The risk to the ability to perform that work would arise from publicity in the traditional and non-traditional media. In neither case need the risk be run to permit the Inquiry to fulfil its terms of references. ... It would also not be in the public interest to run them.[10]
N9 unknown April 2018: minded to restrict both real and cover name.[10] SDS UCO. In 50s. Deployed into one group in 1980s; later was a cover officer for officers of interest deployed in 2000s. Mitting:[10]
No risk to the safety of HN9 arises from any member of the target group. None of them poses any risk of interference with private or family life. But for the factor mentioned below, I would have refused to make a restriction order in respect of cover name.

The factor mentioned is that Dr. Busuttil, examining HN9 found that should even the cover name be released, HN9 would be 'at high risk of developing a severe depressive episode', or even consider suicide. On question whether mitigating steps could be taken, Busuttill said notwithsanding, the suicide risk remained 'extremely high'.[10]

An SDS officer mentioned by N81 in his interview: 'N9 later told me that it was quite usual for SDS management to arrange meetings between operatives and outside persons at the management’s homes. This was because such persons would not be able to attend SDS safe houses.' (Ellison, p. 232).[11]

15 Jan 2018, granted further time to provide the Inquiry with information being sought in relation to their restriction order application.[12][13]

N10 Bob Lambert Confirmed.[14] SDS UCO & manager. Role in meeting between Richard Walton and N81 discussed in Herne II[15] and the Ellison Review.[16]

In March 2016 an application was filed seeking restriction on some personal details from being released by the Inquiry: Open Application, Personal Statement (open version), Draft Order. In October 2016, Pitchford issued a 'Minded-To' indicating he was willing to grant most of the order sought. Objections were to be received by 3 Nov 2016, but no final order is readily found on the Inquiry website.

Core participant; represented by Slater & Gordon.

HN12 unknown Minded-to (25 Jan 2018): restrict real name; no application to restrict their cover name.[5][6] SDS UCO 1982-85, when deployed into two left wing groups successively; arrested, prosecuted and fined for a minor offence under his cover name. Had a 'fleeting sexual encounter with a female activist'. Mitting stated HN12's deployment was unremarkable and gave rise to no known allegation of misconduct.[6]

For more detail, see the profile of HN12

HN13 unknown 15 Jan 2018: 'Minded-to' grant restriction order over real name; no application in relation to cover name.[12] SDS UCO. Deceased. Infiltrated the Communist Party of England (Marxist-Leninist) from 1974 to 1978. Twice prosecuted for public order offences in his cover name and convicted once. No known allegation of misconduct.[13]

Survived by widow, now in early 70s. She claims her husband was assured life-long confidentiality and would not have become an undercover officer otherwise. She wishes that her husband's memory, she and her family should be left in peace, and that a restriction order granted in both real and cover name. Mitting however notes there is a 'sterile corridor' preventing HN13's real name being discovered from his cover name and even if it was breached the risk to the widow etc. is negligible. Thus is no good reason preventing publishing of the cover name. As some risk of interference in private life of widow if real name published, that shall be restricted.[13]

N14 Jim Boyling Confirmed.[14] SDS UCO. In March 2016 an application was made his behalf seeking restriction on some personal details being released by the Inquiry: Open Application, Draft Order. In October 2017, Pitchford issued a 'Minded-To note indicating he would grant the order. Objections were to be received by 3 Nov 2016, but no final order is readily found on the Inquiry website. Mentioned in passing in Herne 1 (para. 2.1).[17]

Core participant; represented by Slater & Gordon.

HN15 Mark Jenner, alias Mark Cassidy[18] Restriction order applications refused. Real and cover names to be published in due course.[3] SDS UCO. Mentioned by Lambert as an SDS UCO who 'would have involvement in Stephen Lawrence campaign issues' (Ellison page 214).[16]

For more detail, see the profile of HN15

HN16 unknown Ruling: cover name to be released; real name to be restricted.[19] SDS UCO

N16 is a core participant and represented by Slater & Gordon. For more detail, see the profile of HN16

HN17 unknown Ruling (27 Mar 2018): neither real or cover name can be published.[20] SDS UCO, targeting right wing groups.[2] Mentioned by Lambert as a contemporary of Peter Francis (early/mid 1990s) who infiltrated far right groups (Ellison, p. 214).[16]

Application for restriction order over real & cover names made October 2017.[8] Application (24 Oct 2017), Personal statement (22 Sept 2017) and Risk Assessment (8 Nov 2017), Medical report (gisted)

For more detail, see the profile of HN17

HN19 Malcolm shearing Minded-to (25 Jan 2018): grant restriction over real name; no application to restrict their cover name.[5] Cover name published 1 May 2018.[4] SDS UCO, from 1981 to 1985 deployed into Revolutionary Communist Party & Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist/Leninist).[4] Arrested and cautioned for unlawful bill posting during deployment. No known allegation of misconduct during his deployment, which appears otherwise unremarkable according to Mitting. Newly married when deployed. In 60s.[6]

Jan 2018 'Minded To': publication of real name is not necessary, as release of cover name will suffice to prompt those he interacted with to come forward. HN19 has no concerns for his physical safety, but 'is concerned to avoid the intrusion into his and his wife's private and family life which might result from publication of his real name. In Mitting's view, publication of his real name would interfere with his Article 8 rights to private / family life.[6]

HN20 Tony Williams Minded to: real name cannot be published (Apr 2018).[10] Cover name released 1 May 2018.[4] SDS UCO into Revolutionary Communist Tendency and Direct Action Movement, 1978-1982.[4] Unremarkable deployment.[10]

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21] Minded To (Mar 2018): further information sought by Inquiry before 'minded to decision made.[22]

HN21 unknown Minded to (Mar 2018): real name to be restricted; application to restrict cover name refused.[22] SDS UCO. Deployed late 70s / early 80s against one group & reported on others. In 60s.[22]

Risk to HN21 from groups is negligible. Suffers from depression, which Dr. Busuttil opined is at high risk of recurrence if real & cover names published. Mitting notes that deployment of HN21 is of 'some interest to the Inquiry' and needs a more thorough investigation than possible if explored simply under a cipher. "I am not, at present, convinced that measures cannot be take to avoid harmful impact on the healt of HN21. I will afford an opportunity to HN21 to consider such measures in a closed session and/or submit that they would be ineffective. A closed note accompanies these reasons."[22]

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21] Minded To (Mar 2018): real name restricted, but application over cover name refused.[22]

HN22 unknown 20 Feb 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN23 unknown Ruling (Feb 2018): real and cover name to be restricted.[24] SDS UCO in 1990s.

For more detail, see the profile of HN23

HN24 unknown Apr 2018: Minded-to refuse application to restrict real name.[25][10] SDS Management.

Mitting:[10]

Prior to joining the [SDS] in 2001, HN24 handled and distributed intelligence gathered by deployed undercover officers at the time of the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry. After joining, he served as a cover officer for deployed undercovers, including HN104. He has valuable evidence to give about both issues. No risk to his safety would arise from giving such evidence in his own name and the impact on his right to respect for private and family life would likely to be confined to unwelcome media attention. The public interest in him giving this evidence in his own name and in public substantially outweighs any interference in the right of HN24 to respect for his private and family life under Article 8... Part of the evidence of HN24, about his discharge of his duties as a cover officer for other deployed undercover officers will have to be given in closed session, for their protection.

N81 stated to Op. Herne: 'I was informed, at the height of the Macpherson Inquiry, that my reporting was going straight to Sir Paul Condon’s desk each morning via N24, and N127 (SDS Sgt) passed on to me from N24 congratulations from the Commissioner for your excellent reporting...' (Ellison, p. 232).[16]

Nov 2017: extension sought to be deal with in a future tranche.[8] Apr 2018: Mitting orders that HN24 'should provide notification that they his to be heard in closed hearing' by 7 May 2018, with skeleton argument setting out objections to his Minded To to reject application to restrict real name to be provided by 11 May 2018.[25]

HN25 unknown Minded To (March 2018): real name cannot be published; restriction order over cover name refused.[22] SDS UCO, deployed late 80s/early 90s against a group which no longer exists. In their 70s.[22]

Mitting (March 2018): no real risk to HN25 from the target group, and there is strong sterile corridor between real & cover name. Investigation of the group necessary to fulfil the Inquiry's terms of reference. A particular reason exists as to why there might be impact on HN25's private and family life, which justifies the restriction on publishing HN25's real name.[22]

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21]

HN26 Christine Green Ruling: restrict real name, release cover name (Dec 2017).[19] Cover name confirmed 20 February 2018 following exposure by The Guardian and the Undercover Research Group.[26] SDS UCO (1994-1999) into animal rights groups. For full details see under her profile.

Core participant; represented by Slater & Gordon.

HN27 unknown April 2018 Minded-to: neither real or cover name can be released.[10] SDS UCO. Deployed into a number of groups in 1990s. In 60s. Mitting says HN27 is 'at risk to life and limb' given nature of deployment and activities undertaken. He also stated the suggestion that HN27's deployment had encroached on the Stephen Lawrence campaign was erroneous.[10]

Ellison cites Lambert's interview with Operation Herne as saying: "N27 (also deployed into a different left-wing group) and would have come across Peter Francis, certainly both were at Welling…" (Ellison, p. 214).[16]

HN33/98 unknown Extent of restriction sought unclear; MPS to clarify.[8] 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN34 unknown Real name to be published.[8] SDS Management / back office staff. No restriction order application made.[8]
HN35 unknown Ruling (May 2018): Real name cannot be published.[27] SDS Det. Sergeant; cover officer for six undercovers for between 2 & 3 years during the last period of the existence of the SDS.

Mitting (March 2018):[22]

His evidence about at least three of them will have to be given entirely in closed session. The family background of, and the police duties performed outside the Special Duties Squad by HN35 create risks to the safety and well-being of HN35 and of the wider family.

Jan 2018: more time granted 'to provide the Chairman with information in order for him to make a decision'.[5][6]

Minded to (Mar 2018): Real name cannot be published.[22]

N40 unknown Ruling (Feb 2018): real and cover name to be restricted.[24] SDS UCO in last decade of the unit.[2] Mentioned in relation to how information from the SDS, particularly on the identities of protestors, was passed on to the rest of the police (Herne II, 13.4, 24.1.3).[15]

For more detail, see the profile of HN40

HN41 unknown Ruling (Mar 2018): neither real or cover name can be published.[20] SDS UCO deployed against two groups in the 1970s and 1980s, of which the principle target group no longer exists.[6] Stated no relationships and never detained / arrested during deployment.[28]

Represented by MPS 'Designated Lawyers Team'.

For more detail see the profile page of HN41

N43 Peter Francis Confirmed. SDS UCO, active 1993-1997 in Youth against Racism in Europe and Militant / Socialist Party.

Mentioned in Herne I (3.5, 3.6) though not by real name; his identity can be inferred as he was the only former undercover who provided a video interview to the Guardian.[17] Peter Francis confirmed this was his cypher in a tweet of 23 January 2018.[29]

On 25 January 2018, the Inquiry revealed that Francis had used three cover identities, 'Peter Johnson', 'Peter Daley' and 'Peter Black'. This was the first public revealing of the alias 'Peter Johnson', a name taken from that of a dead child. The Inquiry noted that it 'has been in touch with Peter Johnson’s close relatives who have made it very clear that they want the media to respect their privacy and not to seek to contact them by any means'.[30]

HN44 unknown 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN45 David Robertson Cover name released (April 2018). Ruling (May 2018): real name restricted; application over cover name rejected.[27] SDS UCO & Management; deployed against groups in the 1970s, from which there is no known allegation of misconduct. Later had an administrative role in SDS in 1982-1983 which involved collation & internal distribution of intelligence reports, but 'not the tasking of undercover officers or target group selection.' Currently in 70s.[2] Minded-To: cover name can be published, but not real name (Nov 2017).[2]

Cover name released 17 April 2018. Targeted Vietnam Solidarity Campaign; Banner Books from 1970-1973.[31]

Closed reasons were also provided. On 4 Jan 2018 Open application for restriction order released, but not the Impact Statement or Risk Assessment.

HN48 unknown 11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21]
N52 unknown SDS sergeant. In received the 1998 memo from Bob Lambert on the meeting between Richard Walton and N81 (Ellison Review, p. 229).[16]
N53 unknown Jan 2018: more time granted 'to provide the Chairman with information in order for him to make a decision'.[5] SDS Management. Authored a series of internal memos in 2002 in relation to a joint operation with the National Criminal Intelligence Service known as Op. Wisdom - in relation to the use of the 'Jackal run' process of using a deceased person's identity to obtain passports. "N53 explained that he believed that between 1968 and 2002 there had been one hundred and two (102) SDS officers who had been provided with covert identities. N53’s documentation stated that the majority of these UCO’s would have used a deceased child’s identity." (Herne I, 5.4 & 6.2).[17] Mentioned as an ex-SDS Det. Insp. in relation to material being passed onto other units: N53, another ex-Det. Insp., told Herne: "The SDS retained nothing that would betray its identity" (Ellison, p. 201).[16] Briefly mentioned in relation to computerisation of SDS / Special Branch records circa 1998 (Herne II, 13.1).[15]
HN56 Alan 'Nick' Nicholson Cover name released (April 2018). Ruling (May 2018): real name restricted; application over cover name rejected.[27] Extent of restriction sought unknown; MPS to clarify.[8] 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]

Cover name released 17 April 2018. Targeted the British National Party from 1990-1991.[31]

HN58 unknown Ruling (20 Feb 2018): real & cover names to be restricted.[24] SDS UCO & manager: DCI in charge of unit 1997-2001 (considered a managerial position). Now aged over 60.[32][33]

For more detail see the profile of HN58

HN59 unknown Real name to be given 'when evidence relating to them is published before hearings'.[5] Back office staff. No application to restrict real name made.[6]
HN60 Dave Evans Cover name released 1 May 2018.[4] SDS UCO; deployed 1998-2005 into Socialist Workers Party, London Animal Action & Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty.

Jan 2018: more time granted 'to provide the Chairman with information in order for him to make a decision'.[5][6]

HN61 unknown Minded-To: real name to be published (15 Jan 2018)[12] SDS back office staff / manager only.[12] No application for a restriction order was made.[13]
HN64 unknown Ruling (Mar 2018): neither real or cover name can be published.[20] SDS UCO in the 1990s where they were deployed against one group and reported on others.[2]

No formal training, but picked tradecraft up from other undercovers; in particular, received advice from one former UCO. Referred to using a binder in the SDS back office for guidance. Given verbal assurances of anonymity by SDS managers. The risk assessor 'highlighted H64's personal courage during the deployment'. They note there was more support provided while with the SDS than given after and was dismayed by the lack of support received once the SDS deployment had concluded. The risk assessor said that if HN64 cover name, groups or dates were released, it would likely lead to HN64's real identify being discovered by those he had targeted and that the nature of the risk there was one of 'serious physical harm or death'.[34] His placing on the risk assessment metric is one of the highest among those made public.

Mitting noted in Nov 2017:[2]

The deployment posed risks to HN64’s life and safety which, to an extent which cannot be precisely quantified, remain. The risks are explained in the closed note which accompanies these reasons. Nothing short of anonymity in respect of both real and cover names could obviate those risks. I would not be justified in running them. It is unavoidable that the evidence of HN64 will be given in closed session.

In March 2018, Mitting added: 'Even if Articles 2 and 3 ECHR are not engaged, because the risks are contingent and not immediate, Article 8 is. The interference which would be caused to the right to respect for the private life - physical integrity - of HN64 would be neither proportionate nor justified under Article 8(2).'[20]

Of suggestion that HN64 had appeared in the True Spies television programme, Mitting wrote: 'The "presumption" is mistaken. Where appropriate, the Inquiry is publishing the cover or real name of officers who appeared in the programme, as "Minded to" notes are published. There is no good reason to publish them out of sequence.'[20]

Represented by MPS's 'Designated Lawyers Team'.

Inquiry documents: Open application order (26 Oct 2017), open risk assessment (Graham Walker, 26 Oct 2017)

Inquiry decisions: Minded-To: restrict both cover & real names (Nov 2017)[2] Provisional decision (5 Mar 2018): restrict real & cover name; application to be heard on 21 March 2018[35][3]

HN65 unknown 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN66 unknown Minded To (March 2018): real name cannot be published; application over cover name refused 'to the extent that it would prohibit disclosure of the names by which HN66 was known to members of the groups targeted'.[22] SDS UCO deployed against a variety of groups in early / mid-2000s, none of which committed acts of serious violence. In 60s.

HN66 concerned his real name will be discovered if his cover name is released. Mitting found the fears misplaced and overstated, and if real name discovered, principle impact would be media intrusion 'falling well short of harassment'. A closed note accompanies this reasoning.[22]

15 Jan 2018, granted more time to provide the Inquiry with information in relation to their restriction order application.[12] Full application delayed so minded to decision cannot yet be reached.[13]

N67 unknown SDS UCO (1981-1984). Used dead child identity; said at time of deployment there was no training manual but there was a 'best practice' reference folder (Herne I, 7.4 & 7.5).[17]

20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]

HN68 unknown Ruling (Dec 2017): real name cannot be published, cover name to be released.[19] SDS UCO & managerial; deceased. Deployed against groups from 1968 to 1974. Managerial position in SDS 1982-84.[33]

Cover name to be published, however, Mitting states:

As in the case of the living officers cited it is unlikely that the publication of his real name would prompt the giving or production of evidence necessary to permit the Inquiry to fulfil its terms of reference. Evidence about the discharge of his managerial duties can be given by reference to his cypher. The identity of HN68 is known to those who can give such evidence. Publication of his real name would be likely to interfere with the right of his widow to respect for her private life under Article 8... The possibility that disclosure of his cover name might interfere with her right is nil or negligible. Closed reasons accompany this note.[33]

The MPS submitted an application to restrict N68's real name, a witness statement from his widow and an open risk assessment (Mark Veljovic). The above information on N68 comes from Mitting's 'Minded-To' note, and does not appear in the risk assessment.

Restriction order application over HN68's real name was heard at the 21 Nov 2017 hearing,[36] and the restriction order issued on 8 December 2017. In granting the order, Mitting followed the reasons set out in his minded-to note of 3 Aug 2017.[19]

As he deceased, HN68 is not a core participant.

N69 unknown SDS Chief Inspector (1986-1987). In his statement to Op. Herne stated '…new recruits were instructed on how to go about obtaining false birth certificates. They would obtain details of a deceased person of a similar age from Somerset House and then use those details to go about creating their legend.' (Herne I, 3.1)[17]
HN71 unknown Ruling (27 Mar 2018) Restriction order over both real and cover names.[20] SDS UCO deployed against two groups in 1990s and 2000s, in the last 15 years of the existence of the SDS.[20]

Mitting states that if HN71's true identity was to be discovered then HN71 would be at 'real risk of serious violence by them or their associates. Nothing in the nature of the deployment or in what is known of HN71's conduct of it could justify running that risk.' Some risk release of the cover name could lead to the real name. '[T]he interference with HN71's right to respect for private and family life which would be occasioned by both the risk and occurrence of violence would not be justified'.[6]

According to his Personal Impact Statement:[37]

I was given express promise of confidentiality at home... I am tremendously proud of my deployment, but I don't want any of it known. If I knew I had to give evidence I wouldn't have done it.... I didn't apply for certain jobs because of SDS past... Friends say I should have been promoted. I sacrificed a great deal for the SDS and now I fear for the safety of me and my family if named in real or cover name.

and

I had no sexual relationships arising from my deployment. I didn't have any particularly intimate relationships, but there will be people who would have counted me as a good friend,and who will feel betrayed. They are the ones who would concern me most due to a loss of face.

In his ruling, Mitting added: 'Both Ms Kaufmann and Ms Sikand question the judgement expressed above because no risk assessment has been obtained. I know enough about the risks attendant upon the deployment from risk assessments and material provided in the cases of other officers for it to be unnecessary to obtain a risk assessment in this case. Ms Sikand stated her understanding that the decision is made purely on the perceived psychological impact. Her understanding is mistaken.'[20]

Represented by the MPS 'Designated Lawyer Team'.

Inquiry documents: Open application (17 Nov 2017), open personal statement & medical report (gisted, Dr Paul McLaren)

Inquiry decisions: Minded-to (25 Jan 2018): restriction order over both real & cover names.[5] Provisional decision (5 Mar 2018): restrict real & cover name; application to be heard on 21 March 2018;[35]

HN72 / N72 unknown April 2018 minded to: neither real or cover name can be released.[10] SDS UCO. Deployed for short period in 1980s into one group. Held significant managerial position in SDS in... In 60s & fully retired, but has has a heart-attack in 2009. Was symptom free until 2017 - telling Prof. Knight, a cardiologist, that the primary source of his distress is the prospect of his identify being revealed rather than giving evience.[10]

Mitting:[10]

He has important evidence to give, principally about his performance of his duties as a manager and the activities of the deployed undercover officers when he was. He was also noted by Herne investigating officers to have stated that HN81 had been tasked to infiltrate the Stephen Lawrence campaign at the suggestion of the then Deputy Commissioner. It is important that, if possible, this evidence should be given publicly and in a manner which permits the public to judge for itself its truthfulness and reliability.... the best,perhaps only, means of receiving his important evidence is for it to be given under a cypher. A restriction order in respect of both real and cover names is therefore required.

Provided evidence that N81's tasking to spy on the Lawrence family came from Commissioner Stevens (Ellison, p. 253; Herne II, 21.1.15 & 21.2).[15] Operation Herne told Ellison that N72 did not serve with SDS until after the Macpherson Inquiry so his account should be treated as hearsay; Stevens also denied this (Ellison, p. 253).[16]

Nov 2017: extension sought to deal with in a future tranche.[8] 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]

[10]

HN77 Jacqueline Anderson Cover name released (April 2018). Ruling (May 2018): real name restricted; application over cover name rejected.[27] 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]Cover name released 17 April 2018. Targeted Reclaim the Streets; Earth First!; WOMBLES from 2000-2005.[31] (People knew her as 'Massage Jacky' or 'Radical Diary Jacky'.)

Minded to (Mar 2018): risk from groups she targeted negligible, but evidence likely to attract significant media interest. Evidence she could provide inquiry is of significant interest as a) deployed despite failing a psychometric test, and b) much of her reporting judged by senior officers as of being little value. A decision was made by a senior officer HN36 to terminate her deployment on basis it was not justified under RIPA, but she terminated her own deployment. Complained of her treatment by superior officers. However, publishing her real name not necessary to explore all these issues.[38]

N78 unknown Extent of restriction sought unclear; extension sought for MPS to supply application.[8] SDS UCO. Joined Special Branch in 1986 and SDS in 1991. Deployed into left-wing groups in Summer 1991 to 1995, including some near the Lawrence campaign; had left the SDS by 1996 (Herne II, 12.2; Ellison, 6.4). Aware of Peter Francis' role; said he heard nothing indicating material to smear the Lawrences was being sought (Herne II, 21.1.14; Ellison, 6.3(p), 6.4). Considerable material from him covered in section 6.4 of the Ellison Review (Vol.1).[15]

20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]

HN79 Ross 'RossCo' MacInnes Cover name released (April 2018). Ruling (May 2018): real name restricted; application over cover name rejected.[27] SDS UCO. Targeted United British Alliance in 2007.[31]

20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]

HN80 unknown 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN81 / N81 Dave Hagan Cover name released. SDS UCO. Referred to extensively in the Ellison Review in relation to the targeting of the family of Stephen Lawrence.

Real name cannot be published, cover name and group targeted will be done in time.[19]

Cover name released 17 April 2018. Targeted Socialist Workers Party; Class War; Movement Against the Monarchy; Movement for Justice from 1996-2001.[31]

N81 is a core participant and is represented by Slater & Gordon.

For more detail see the N81 and N81 in the Undercover Policing Inquiry page.

HN82 unknown Minded to (Mar 2018): Real name to be restricted; opportunity given to widow of HN82 to make a personal representation at a closed hearing about publication of cover name.[22] SDS UCO deployed against two groups in 1980s, one of which was violent. Deceased.

Risk assessor finds no risk to safety of his widow, but she has expressed concern all the same, and 'feels' the risk is real. Mitting not prepared to act on something vague, but given chance HN82's real name could be discovered via his cover name, the Chair is giving her a chance to make a representation at a closed hearing in respect of the cover name. A closed note also accompanies the open reasons provided in the Minded To.[22]

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21]

HN83 unknown Ruling (May 2018): real and cover names restricted.[27] SDS UCO, deployed against one group in mid-1980s. In 60s[22]

Mitting (March 2018): The nature of the deployment and what I know of the personal circumstances of HN83, then and now, are inconsistent with personal wrongdoing during the deployment. The deployment created risks to the personal safety of HN83, which, to an extent which cannot be precisely estimated, remain. I am satisfied the risks are real. Although it would be desirable for evidence about the deployment of HN83 to be given in public and under the cover name, to do so would run those risks to safety. The risks are contingent... but if they were to materialise, the harm would be significant.

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21] Minded to (March 2018): neither real or cover name can be published.[22]

Final ruling:[27]

... the principal reason for the order which I will make is founded on the interference in the right to respect for an aspect of private life - physical integrity-, arising from the deployment. I remain satisfied that the nature of the deployment and what I know of circumstances of HN83, then and now, are inconsistent with personal wrongdoing during it. It is unfortunate that a fuller explanation of this view cannot be set out in an open note: to do so would compromise the order which I will make and pose some risk to the safety of HN83. In the clearly unlikely event that doubt is cast on that view during the substantive phase of the Inquiry, I will revisit it. If the risks to safety remain, I cannot now conceive of circumstances which would require me to revoke the order.

A closed note accompanied the final ruling.[27]

N85 Roger Pearce Confirmed.[39] SDS UCO & manager. Head of Special Branch and Director of Intelligence for Metropolitan Police Service. See under profile for mentions of him in Herne I and the Ellison Review.
N86 unknown Extent of restriction sought unclear; extension sought for MPS to supply application.[8] SDS Head from 1993 to 1996, as Detective Chief Inspector; responsibilities included SDS recruitment & tasking. Author of a document of 24 Sept 1993 referring to a 'new, violent anti-fascist group forming within Youth Against Racism'. Also authored the 1993/1994 SDS Annual Report which discussed left-wing campaigning around the death of Stephen Lawrence.
Left SDS for another post on 11 April 1996. On 21 April 1997 he took temporary control for six months of S Squad (the division which contained the SDS) due to illness of its Superintendent.
Refused to provide a statement to Operation Herne. However, as he is central to the claims of Peter Francis regarding racism in the SDS and the tasking against the Lawrence family, N86 provided a statement for the Ellison Review in which he denied much of what Francis said. (Ellison 6.5 & 6.9(c)-(d); Herne II, 26.1.19)[16][17]
HN88 unknown Minded-To (Nov 2017): cover name to be published, real name to be restricted.[8] SDS UCO. Deployed against community-based support groups in 1980s.[8]

Application to restrict both cover and real names made with accompanying risk assessement and personal impact statement (all unpublished).[8]

Mitting refused to restrict publication of HN88's cover name, noting (Nov 2017): [2]

One of the issues which the Inquiry must explore is whether or not the deployment was justified and what, if anything, of legitimate interest to the police occurred during the deployment. It is unlikely, due in part to the passage of time, that HN88 will be able to give detailed evidence about the deployment. In that event, and in any event, the Inquiry will wish to obtain, if possible, evidence from those against whom HN88 was deployed. This task will be at least impeded if the cover name is not published.
Publication of HN88’s real name is not necessary to permit this to occur. It would give rise to an interference with private and family life, including HN88’s economic activity which would not be justified under Article 8(2)... or fair to the officer. HN88 is concerned that if the cover name is published the real name might be identified. I am satisfied that the risk is so small as not to amount to a real risk and have therefore discounted it.

A closed note was also issued setting out further details.[2]

N89 unknown SDS UCO; infiltrated far right in 1990s and 'involved in public order situations where left and right attended'; contemporary of Peter Francis who would confide in N89.[16]
HN89 unknown Minded-to (Nov 2017): real & cover name to be published.[8] SDS UCO. Deceased and no application made to restrict details.

Unclear if this is the same N89 as mentioned in Ellison.

HN90 unknown 20 Feb 2018, directions issued that applications for restriction orders to be submitted by end of Feb 2018.[23]
HN95 unknown Apr 2018: Minded-to refuse application to restrict real name.[25] SDS UCO. With SDS 1985-1988. Deployed into Socialist Workers Party.[10]

Mitting:[10]

His deployment was problematical and was terminated by his managers abruptly in 1988. He was medically retired soon after. Little or nothing is known about his current circumstances or concerns, save that it is believed he is aware of the attempts which have been made to contact him in connection with the Inquiry. If he is, he has not responded to them.
The [MPS] has made an application for a restriction order in respect of his real name. The grounds of the application are generic. They do not identify the respects, if any, in which his right to respect for his private and family life would be infringed by publication of his real name, beyond referring to a paragraph in the risk assessment created on 27 February 2018 which is, itself, generic.... I am not willing to make a restriction order on Article 8 grounds without some good reason for believing that the right to respect for private and family life would be infringed if real or cover name were published. In the case of HN95, I have no such reason. Further, the real name of HN95 and the circumstances in which he came to join and leave the [SDS] are know to responsible journalists. The latter have been put into the public domain by them. I have no reason to believe that any attempt will be made to restrain publication of that which they know - the real name of HN95. In those circumstances, it would be futile to make a restriction order in respect of the real name.

11 Jan 2018, directed restriction orders application to be submitted by end of Jan 2018.[21] Minded To (March 2018): application delayed.[22] Apr 2018: Mitting orders that HN24 'should provide notification that they his to be heard in closed hearing' by 7 May 2018, with skeleton argument setting out objections to his Minded To to reject application to restrict real name to be provided by 11 May 2018.[25]

HN96 unknown Minded to (March 2018): real name cannot be published; application to restrict cover name refused.[22] SDS UCO deployed principally against 2 groups & reported on others late 70s / early 80s. Explicitly assured by senior officers their identity would never be revealed. Currently in 70s.[22]

Concerned about social media intrusion and effect of publicity on them and their family. Miting noted:[22]

'There is a strong sterile corridor between the real and cover name. Publication of the cover name would permit members of the target groups and others to provide information about the deployments of HN96. In that event, the Inquiry would likely to be better informed about them. It is not necessary to give effect to the assurances given to HN96 or to the right to respect for private and family life to restrict publication of the cover name'.[22]

11 Jan 2018, directed that restriction orders applications to be submitted by end of Jan 2018 .[21]

HN99 unknown Real name to be published[8] SDS Management / back office. No application for restriction order made.[8]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Press Release: 'Minded to' note, ruling and directions in respect of anonymity applications relating to former officers of the Special Demonstration Squad, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 3 August 2017.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 In the matter of section 19 (3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad ‘Minded to’ note 2, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 14 November 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kate Wilkinson, Counsel to the Inquiry's Explanatory Note to accompany the Chairman's 'Minded-To' Note 5 in respect of applications for restrictions over the real and cover names of officers of the Special Demonstration Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad - Update as at 7th March 2018, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 7 March 2018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Email to core participants, '20180501_UCPI_to_all_CPs_publishing_HN3_HN19_HN20_HN60_HN218_HN353', Undercover Research Group, 1 May 2018, referencing update of the webpage <a href="https://www.ucpi.org.uk/cover-names/">UCPI.org.u/cover-names</a>.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Press Notice: Decisions relating to anonymity applications: Special Demonstration Squad, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 25 January 2018.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005. Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and Special Demonstration Squad - 'Minded To' Note 4, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 25 January 2018.
  7. No anonymity sought for N5, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 20 December 2017.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 Counsel to the Inquiry's Explanatory note to accompany the 'Minded-To' Note (2) in respect for restrictions over the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 14 November 2017.
  9. John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Application for restriction order in respect of HN7 Ruling (Ruling in respect of HN7), Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 3 August 2017.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad - 'Minded to' note 8, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 26 April 2018.
  11. Mark Ellison, The Stephen Lawrence Independent Review - Volume 1: Possible corruption and the role of undercover policing in the Stephen Lawrence case, Gov.UK, March 2014.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Press notice - ‘Minded-to’ anonymity: Special Demonstration Squad Officers (HN13, HN296, HN304, HN339, HN340, HN354, HN356/124, HN61, HN819, HN109, HN9, HN66), Undercover Policing Inquiry, 15 January 2018.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Sir John Mitting, Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad: 'Minded to' note 3, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 15 January 2018.
  14. 14.0 14.1 The Chairman’s ‘Minded to’ note on applications for restriction orders in respect of two former undercover police officers, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 20 October 2016.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Mick Creedon, Operation Herne: Report 2 - Allegations of Peter Francis, Metropolitan Police Service, March 2014.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 Mark Ellison, Possible corruption and the role of undercover policing in the Stephen Lawrence case, Stephen Lawrence Independent Review, Vol. 1, Gov.UK, March 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Mick Creedon, Operation Herne Report 1: Covert Identities, Metropolitan Police Service, July 2013.
  18. Name confirmed by UCPI on 5 April 2018. Email from UCPI, '20180405 UCPI to all CPs confirming HN15', 5 April 2018, unpublished, referencing update of the webpage: https://www.ucpi.org.uk/cover-names/.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 Sir John Mitting, Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad: Ruling, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 5 December 2017.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 20.7 John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Application for restriction order in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad Ruling 5 , Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 3 August 2017.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad: Directions, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 11 January 2018.
  22. 22.00 22.01 22.02 22.03 22.04 22.05 22.06 22.07 22.08 22.09 22.10 22.11 22.12 22.13 22.14 22.15 22.16 22.17 22.18 22.19 22.20 Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005. Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and Special Demonstration Squad - 'Minded To' Note 5, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 7 March 2018.
  23. 23.00 23.01 23.02 23.03 23.04 23.05 23.06 23.07 23.08 23.09 23.10 23.11 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad - Directions, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 20 February 2018 (accessed 1 March 2018).
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad - Ruling, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 20 February 2018.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad Directions following publication of 'Minded to' note 8, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 26 April 2018.
  26. Cover names, Undercover Policing Inquiry, updated 20 February 2018. See also their tweet of same day: Cover name confirmed: "Christine Green" - groups: Animal Liberation Front; London Animal Action, West London Hunt Saboteurs. 1994-1999, Twitter.com, 20 February 2018.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.6 27.7 In the matter of section 19 (3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad: Ruling, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 15 May 2018.
  28. 'HN41', Personal Impact Statement (open), Metropolitan Police Service, 21 December 2017 (accessed).
  29. Peter Francis, I really do hope I actually was a #Spycops or all those years of counselling were a total waste of money! Wow just imagine if it turns out I wasn't!! My totally unwanted Police anonymity number was N43, Twitter.com, 23 January 2018.
  30. Press notice: No restriction sought over cover identities of Peter Francis, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 25 January 2018.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 Undercover Policing Inquiry, Update of Cover names page, ucpi.org.uk, 17 April 2018.
  32. Sir John Mitting, On the application of HN58 for a restriction order in respect of real and cover name, Undercover Policing Inquiry", 20 December 2017.
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Applications for restriction orders in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstrations Squad ‘Minded to’ note, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 3 August 2017.
  34. Graham Walker, HN64 open risk assessment, Metropolitan Police, 26 Octobert 2017 (accessed).
  35. 35.0 35.1 Press notice - Publication of documents relating to Special Demonstration Squad anonymity applications for hearing on 21 March 2018, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 5 March 2018.
  36. Transcript of hearing of 21 Nov 2017, Undercover Policing Inquiry, 21 November 2017.
  37. 'HN71', Personal Impact Statement (redacted), Metropolitan Police Service, 17 November 2017 (accessed).
  38. Sir John Mitting, In the matter of section 19(3) of the Inquiries Act 2005 Application for restriction order in respect of the real and cover names of officers of the Special Operations Squad and the Special Demonstration Squad 'Minded To' Note 6 and Ruling 5, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 22 March 2018 (accessed 28 March 2018).
  39. No anonymity sought for Roger Pearce, Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI.org.uk), 29 March 2017.