Oliver Letwin

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Oliver Letwin

Oliver Letwin, MP (born May 19, 1956, Hampstead), has been the Member of Parliament for West Dorset since 1997.

Letwin was the minister for government policy in the Cabinet Office from 2014 until May 2015.[1] In addition to this role, he was appointed Lord Privy Seal in July 2014.[2][3] retaining this role after the May 2015 general election. He was subsequently also appointed to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.[4]

Letwin left government following the appointment of the new prime minister Theresa May in July 2016. [5]

Biography

He is the son of William Letwin, Emeritus Professor at the London School of Economics, and conservative academic Shirley Letwin, both of whom were members of the Mont Pelerin Society. The journalist Peter Oborne writes:

He was born in Hampstead on 19 May 1956, the son of two Chicago intellectuals. His father, Professor Bill Letwin, is an economist. His late mother, Dr Shirley Robin Letwin, is better known in Britain: she was a conservative philosopher who became director of the Centre for Policy Studies.

[...]

The young Oliver was even then a phenomenon at the famous salons held by the Letwins at their home in Kent Terrace, Regent's Park, in the 1970s. Guests remember Isaiah Berlin, [Michael] Oakeshott, Milton Friedman and Friedrich von Hayek as regular attenders. Oliver Letwin was in due course dispatched to Eton. He met Charles Moore, now editor of the Daily Telegraph, on his first day. They became firm friends and later attended Trinity College, Cambridge where they shared the set of rooms - G3 in New Court... [6]

Letwin worked as special adviser to Keith Joseph, a friend of his parents, and then after the 1983 election served as understudy to John Redwood at Thatcher's Policy Unit. [7] During this time he was also a member of the Conservative Philosophy Group, which was co-founded by the reactionary academic Roger Scruton and the disgraced Tory politician Jonathan Aitken. [8]

In 1986 he followed Redwood to the merchant bank N.M. Rothschild & Sons, succeeding him as head of the firm's International Privatisation Unit. [9] He was a director of N.M. Rothschild & Sons from 1991 to 2003 and a non-executive director from 2005 to 2009. [10]

He unsuccessfully stood against Glenda Jackson for the Hampstead and Highgate seat in the 1992 election, before winning the West Dorset seat in 1997, by the narrow margin of 1,840 votes. In September 2001 he was appointed Shadow Home Secretary, by Iain Duncan Smith. In late 2003 the new party leader, Michael Howard, appointed Letwin his successor as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Policy focuses

Big Society

According to Nick Seddon, deputy director of the think tank Reform: "Mr Letwin is credited with much of the fundamental thinking behind the big society. He has been a key driving force behind encouraging greater plurality of provision - from the private and third sectors - and the development of new ownership models."[11]

Public spending

During the campaign for the 2001 general election, Letwin, as shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury, expressed an aspiration to curtail future public spending by fully 20 billion pounds per annum relative to the plans of the Labour government. When this proposal came under attack as regressive, Letwin found few allies among his colleagues prepared to defend it, and adopted a low profile for the remainder of the campaign. He famously went into 'hiding' during the 2001 election, and for some time after the election had finished.

As Shadow Chancellor he focused on reducing waste in the public sector. At the 2005 election the Conservative Party claimed to have found £35bn worth of potential savings, to be used for increased resources for front line services and for tax cuts. This approach was credited with forcing the government to introduce bureaucracy reduction and cost-cutting proposals of their own.

Law and order

As shadow home secretary he attracted plaudits for his advocacy of a 'neighbourly society', which manifested itself in calls for street by street neighbourhood policing modelled on the philosophy of the police in New York. He was also largely credited with forcing the home secretary to withdraw his proposal in 2001 to introduce an offence of incitement to religious hatred. He successfully argued that such an offence would be impossible to define, so there would be little chance of prosecution. He also argued that Muslims would feel persecuted by such a law.

In May 2005, Letwin was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. It was reported that he had requested a role less onerous than his former treasury brief so that he would have time to pursue his career in the City at Rothschilds.[1]

Support for David Cameron in leadership bid 2005

Following the decision by Michael Howard to stand down as Conservative party leader after the May 2005 general election, Letwin publicly backed the youngest candidate and eventual winner David Cameron, a fellow Etonian. He was subsequently given the newly created role of Chairman of the Policy Review, when Cameron formed his first shadow cabinet in December 2005.

Stance on fracking

FrackWell.png This article is part of the Spinwatch Fracking Portal and project
Letwin's constituency includes two oil and gas licence blocks, both awarded to companies by the Oil and Gas Authority under the 14th licensing round in 2015 to South Western Energy. No plans or applications are currently underway. [12]

Economic advantages and UK 'best track record'

While recognising public concern on shale gas development, Letwin supports fracking based on its supposed economic advantages and his reasoning echoes that of the Conservative government.

I fully appreciate people's concerns about fracking, We are blessed here in West Dorset with some of the finest countryside anywhere in the country and its beauty rightly deserves the protection it has. However, the economic advantages that safely extracting shale gas could bring, simply cannot be ignored. It is a promising new potential source of energy which could create thousands of jobs, bring in billions of pounds in tax revenues and secure our energy supply for the future.
Extracting this resource must of course be done safely and in as environmentally friendly way as possible. The UK has one of the best track records in the world when it comes to protecting our environment while also developing our industries, and this experience will be brought to bear on the shale gas protections. Local communities must and will remain fully involved in planning decisions. We have already set up a £1.2 million support programme to ensure authorities have the resources to take timely decisions.
We are creating a regulatory regime that provides clear, strong protections for the environment. Our approach is guided by advice from the Environment Agency. Regulations will ban fracking at depths of less than 1,200 meters below National Parks, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Broads and World Heritage Sites, and fracking wells cannot be sited in National Parks or other protected areas. Consent cannot be granted for drilling without an environmental impact assessment, and operators are required to monitor the level of methane in groundwater. Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) already enjoy strong protection under the existing planning and regulatory regime. These rules make it clear that development should not normally be permitted if it is likely to have a negative impact on a SSSI. Fracking will not take place within protected groundwater source areas, defined as land at a depth of less than 1,200m of the surface. Drinking water is not normally found below 400m.

'Shale developments must have the confidence of those closest to them'

Under the planning section on his website however Letwin offers somewhat contradictory support, given that he has previously voted against making fracking firms apply for permits for exploratory drilling. 'I strongly believe fracking must be conducted safely and certainly not at the expense of either local communities or the environment,' he writes.[13]

'Local communities must and will remain fully involved in planning decisions. Planning authorities must make plans available to local people and ask for their comments, and I think that this is completely right - shale developments should have the confidence of those closest to them.' [14]

Voting record

Letwin has voted a mixture of for and against increased regulation on fracking. [15]

  • 26 January 2015: voted against making fracking companies apply for an environmental permit before conducting exploratory drilling. He voted against an amendment to the Infrastructure Bill to include an 18 month moratorium on fracking.
  • 11 February 2015: voted in favour of requiring more pre-conditions for where fracking can take place.
  • 16 December 2015: voted in favour of weakening regulations on fracking in protected areas and national parks.

Special Advisers

Affiliations

Select Bibliography

  • Oliver Letwin (1987) Ethics, Emotion and the Unity of the Self. Routledge. ISBN 0709941102.
  • Oliver Letwin and John Redwood. (1988) Britain's Biggest Enterprise - ideas for radical reform of the NHS. Centre for Policy Studies. ISBN 187026519X
  • Oliver Letwin (1988) Privatizing the World: A Study of International Privatization in Theory and Practice. Thomson Learning. ISBN 0304315273
  • Oliver Letwin (1989) Drift to union: Wiser ways to a wider community. Centre for Policy Studies. ISBN 1870265742
  • Oliver Letwin (2003) The Neighbourly Society: Collected Speeches. Centre for Policy Studies. ISBN 1903219604

External links


Notes

  1. Her Majesty’s Government, Number10.gov.uk, accessed 12 May 2010.
  2. Ministerial appointments: July 2014, Prime Minister's Office, 15 July 2014.
  3. BBC News Cabinet: David Cameron's new line-up, 15 July 2014, accessed 11 May 2015.
  4. Her Majesty's Government Ministers A-ZParliament Website, accessed 25 September 2015
  5. 'Whos in and whos out? May's new cabinet' 14 July 2016, BBC News, accessed 15 July 2016
  6. Peter Oborne, 'Letwin intellectual', The Spectator, 24 November 2001; p.18
  7. Peter Oborne, 'Letwin intellectual', The Spectator, 24 November 2001; p.18
  8. John Casey, 'The revival of Tory philosophy', The Spectator, 17 March 2007.
  9. Peter Oborne, 'Letwin intellectual', The Spectator, 24 November 2001; p.18
  10. LETWIN, Rt Hon. Oliver’, Who's Who 2011, A & C Black, 2011; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2010 ; online edn, Oct 2010 [Accessed 16 March 2011]
  11. Health Service Journal, HSJ100 2010, accessed Nov 2010
  12. Oil and gas: licensing rounds, GOV.uk, accessed 14 November 2016.
  13. Fracking and underground access, Oliver Letwin website, accessed 14 November 2016.
  14. Local planning and fracking, Oliver Letwin website, accessed 14 November 2016.
  15. TheyWorkForYou | Oliver Letwin, TheyWorkForYou, accessed 14 November 2016.
  16. John Casey, 'The revival of Tory philosophy', The Spectator, 17 March 2007.