Rutley was appointed parliamentary under secretary of state at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) in September 2018. He has also been a Government Whip since June 2017 and is Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury
Before entering politics, Rutley spent much of his career as a senior business executive for big companies such as Asda, PepsiCo International, Halifax General Insurance and Barclays. He also served as a special adviser from 1994 to 1996 he worked as a Special Advisor at the Treasury, the Cabinet Office and the Ministry of Agriculture. 
Rutley's constituency includes one oil and gas licence blocks, awarded to INEOS by the Oil and Gas Authority under the 14th licensing round in 2015. There are plans for one shale well and 2D and 3D seismic surveying; no applications were underway as of November 2016. 
Rutley has generally voted against increased regulation on fracking. 
- 26 January 2015: voted against making fracking companies apply for an environmental permit before conducting exploratory drilling. She voted against an amendment to the Infrastructure Bill to include an 18 month moratorium on fracking.
- 11 February 2015: voted in favour of requiring more pre-conditions for where fracking can take place.
- 16 December 2015: voted in favour for weakening regulations on fracking in protected areas and national parks.
- David Rutley MP www.parliament.uk, accessed 28 May 2015
- Macclesfield Parliamentary constituency BBC News, 8 May 2015, accessed 28 May 2015
- Guido Fawkes PPS reshuffle in full, 29 May 2015, accessed 1 June 2015.
- David Rutley MP, Government Whip, Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury and Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Food and Animal Welfare, gov.uk, last accessed 27 July 2019
- Oil and gas: licensing rounds, GOV.uk, accessed 14 November 2016.
- TheyWorkForYou | David Rutley, TheyWorkForYou, accessed 22 December 2016.
- Register of interests of members' secretaries and research assistants, 23 March 2016, parliament.uk, accessed 25 April 2016