Misinformation is the accidental or unwitting spreading of false or misleading information which inadvertently manipulates public opinion or obscures the truth. Misinformation should not be confused with Disinformation, the deliberate and deceptive dispersal of a falsehood. Whilst both concepts describe the spreading of untrue information, what separates Misinformation is that the act is unintentionally misleading, with the disseminator unaware of the false nature of the conveyed information.
- Wikipedia, Misinformation: Brief overview of Misinformation
- Bernd Stahl (2006), On the Difference or Equality of Information, Misinformation, and Disinformation: A Critical Research Perspective: The philosophy of Misinformation
- Farida Vis (2014), The Rapid Spread of Misinformation Online: A look at online Misinformation
- Bernd Stahl (2006), On the Difference or Equality of Information, Misinformation, and Disinformation: A Critical Research Perspective, Informing Science Journal, Volume 9, accessed 16 March 2015