Kumar Ramakrishna

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Dr. Kumar Ramakrishna is a counterinsurgency theorist. He is Head (Centre of Excellence for National Security) at S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore.


  • BSc (1st Class Hons), NUS
  • Master of Defence Studies, University of New South Wales
  • PhD, Royal Holloway, University of London

Professional Activities

  • US Asia Foundation Freeman Fellow (June 2002)
  • Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Special Visitor (February 2003)
  • Visiting Fellow, Institute of National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, Washington D.C., USA (April-June 2003)
  • Malaysian International Visitors Programme Fellow, (February 2004)
  • Exco Member, Political Science Association of Singapore
  • Member, Government Parliamentary Committee (GPC) Resource Panel on Home Affairs and Law
  • Member, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies Board of Trustees[1]

Selected Publications

  • “The Malayan Rebellion 1948-60”, in Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements, James DeFronzo, (Ed.), (Westview-Perseus, 2005);
  • ‘The Making of the Jemaah Islamiyah Terrorist’, in Teaching Terror: Knowledge Transfer in the Terrorist World (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 2005;
  • ‘Countering Radical Islam in Southeast Asia — The Need to Address the Functional and Ideological “Enabling Environment”’, in Paul J. Smith. (Ed.), Terrorism and Transnational Violence in Southeast Asia: Challenges to State and Regional Stability (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2004);
  • ‘Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Ideological and Political Dimensions’, Southeast Asian Affairs 2004, (Singh and Chin, eds.) Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2004;
  • ‘Making Malaya Safe for Decolonization: The Rural Chinese Factor in the Counterinsurgency Campaign’, in The Transformation of Southeast Asia: International Perspectivs on Decolonization, (Frey, Pruessen and Tan, eds.) New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2003, pp. 161-179;
  • After Bali: The Threat of Terrorism in Southeast Asia (Singapore: World Scientific-Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, 2003) (co-editor);
  • The New Terrorism: Anatomy, Trends and Counter-Strategies (Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, 2002) (co-editor);
  • Emergency Propaganda: The Winning of Malayan Hearts and Minds, 1948-1958 (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2002); *‘Content, Credibility and Context: Propaganda, Government Surrender Policy and the Malayan Communist Terrorist Mass Surrenders of 1958’, in The Clandestine Cold War in Asia, 1945-65, (Aldrich, Rawnsley and Rawnsley, Eds.) London: Frank Cass, 2000;
  • ‘The Southeast Asian Approach to Counter-Terrorism: Learning from Indonesia and Malaysia’, Journal of Conflict Studies (forthcoming Summer 2005);
  • ‘Interstate and Intrastate Dynamics in Southeast Asia’s War on Terror’, SAIS Review, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004), pp. 91-105 (co-author);
  • “Anatomy of a Collapse: Explaining the Malayan Communist Mass Surrenders of 1958”, War and Society, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Oct. 2003), pp. 109-133;
  • ‘Forging an Indirect Strategy in Southeast Asia’, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Spring 2002), pp. 161-176;
  • ‘“Bribing the Reds to Give Up”: Rewards Policy in the Malayan Emergency’, War in History, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2002), pp. 332-353;
  • ‘The US Foreign Policy of Praetorian Unilateralism and the Implications for Southeast Asia’, in September 11 and Political Freedoms: Asian Perspectives, ed. by Uwe Johannen et al. (Singapore: Select Publishing, 2002), pp. 116-141.