Astroturf refers to grassroots groups or coalitions which are actually fake, often created by corporations or public relations firms. When an individual creates a fake identity for similar purposes this is known as a Sock puppet.
Examples of Astroturf
- Hands Off the Internet
- Freedom's Watch
- Citizens for a Sound Economy
- Americans for Prosperity
- Citizens for Access to the Arts
- Andy Gittzlitz, I was a political astroturfer, Salon, 14 April 2013