Arthur William James ('Anthony') Greenwood (1911-82) was a Labour politician.
Greenwood was born in Leeds, the son of Labour MP Arthur Greenwood and his wife Catherine Ainsworth. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and read politics, philosophy and economics at Balliol College, Oxford. During his time at Oxford he was chairman of the Labour Club and president of the Oxford Union in 1933.
Second World War
From 1939 to 1942 Greenwood worked at the Ministry of Information, becoming private secretary to Director-General Walter Monckton in 1941. He joined the RAF in 1942 and was commissioned as an Intelligence Officer in 1943. In December 1944 he was seconded to the War Cabinet Offices to work with Monckton.
From 1945 to 1949, Greenwood led the Labour group on Hampstead borough council. He was elected to Parliament at the 1946 Heywood and Ratcliffe by-election. he moved to the Rossendale constituency in 1950 as a result of boundary changes. He was vice-chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party in 1950-1 and served in the Shadow Cabinet in 1951-2 and 1955-60. He served on the National Executive Committee from 1954 to 1970.
In 1960, Greenwood, a member of CND and a unilateralist, warned Harold Wilson that he would challenge Hugh Gaitskell as party leader if Wilson did not stand. Wilson was subsequently defeated by 166 votes to 81.
Greenwood was appointed Colonial Secretary in October 1964. In December 1965 he was transferred to the Ministry of Overseas Development and in August 1966 to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. He was persuaded to stand for general secretary of the Labour Party in July 1968 but was defeated.
In May 1970 Greenwood was appointed to the chairmanship of the Commonwealth Development Corporation by Harold Wilson and as a result he stood down from the Commons in the 1970 General Election. In July 1970 Edward Heath revoked his appointment. Greenwood was elevated to the House of Lords by Wilson in his resignation honours.
- Commonwealth Development Corporation - board member 1970-1978
- Britannia Building Society - Director 1972-1982, Chairman 1974-1976
- Weeks Natural Resources (UK) Ltd. - Chairman
- Greenwood Development Holdings Ltd. - Chairman He was Chairman of
- Integrated Professional Development Service - chairman
- Pochin Ltd. - Director
- Local Government Training Board and Staff Commission - Chairman
- Association of Metropolitan Authorities -President
- District Heating Association - President
- Cremation Society - President
- Maplin Development Authority - Board member
- Central Lancashire Development Corporation - Board member
- University of Lancaster Pro-Chancellor 1972-1978 He became Chairman of the
- Anglo-Israel Association - Chairman from 1972.
- Jerusalem Educational Trust - Trustee
- Labour Friends of Israel - Chairman
- Catalogue of the papers of Arthur Greenwood (1880-1954) and Arthur William James ('Anthony') Greenwood, Baron Greenwood of Rossendale (1911-82), Bodleian Library, accessed 29 October 2012.
- Robin Ramsay and Stephen Dorril, Smear! Wilson and the Secret State, Fourth Estate Limited, 1991, p.25.