Konrad Adenauer

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One source named Adenauer as a co-founder of Le Cercle in the 1950s[1] (which was established much later according to other sources). Konrad Adenauer was a lawyer and a member of the Catholic Center party, he was lord mayor of Cologne and a member of the provincial diet of Rhine province from 1917 until 1933, when he was dismissed by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime. He was twice imprisoned (1933, 1944) by the Nazis. Cofounder of the Christian Democratic Union (1945) and its president from 1946 to 1966. He was elected chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in 1949 and was reelected in 1953, 1957, and 1961. He served (1951–55) as his own foreign minister, negotiating the West German peace treaty (1952) with the Western Allies and obtaining recognition of West Germany's full sovereignty through the Paris Pacts and through an agreement with the USSR in 1955. In 1956, Adenauer chose former Nazi General Gehlen as the initial chief of the BND (to replace the Gehlen Org), West Germany's post-war intelligence agency. This was probably not only done on the "recommendation" of the CIA, but also to safeguard Europe from the communists. The political architect of the astounding West German recovery, he saw the solution of German problems in terms of European integration, and he helped secure West Germany's membership in the various organizations of what has become the European Union. In 1961 his party lost its absolute majority in the Bundestag, and he formed a coalition cabinet with the Free Democrats. In 1962 a cabinet crisis arose over the government's raid of the offices of the magazine Der Spiegel, which had attacked the Adenauer regime for military unpreparedness. Adenauer seems to be far less controversial than the average visitor of Le Cercle. Adenauer received the Magistral Grand Cross personally from SMOM (The Sovereign Military Order of Malta) Grand Master Prince Chigi.

Related

References

  1. The Observer, April 2003