Scottish and Newcastle
Scottish & Newcastle
Scottish & Newcastle are one of the world's leading brewing companies, currently ranked seventh out of the top ten international brewers. S&N are the number one beer sellers in the UK, France and Russia, Baltic countries, Kazakhstan, and India. While in Belgium, Portugal, Finland , Greece and The Ukraine they are the second largest beer seller. S&N are increasing focusing on sales in Asia, which they describe as a 'development market', they also export a considerable volume to the American market.  S&N own, or have a stake in, over fifty breweries across the globe, producing more than fifty million hectolitres (mhl) per year.
Directly employing 15,000+ workers in Europe, 15,000+ in a joint business venture in Eastern Europe, and in Asia 7,000+ staff are employed in investment and JV companies. 
A recent report into the lack of women reaching the board room in business uncovers S&N as one of the worst offenders. Moira Benigson's report slammed the lack of women on the boards of large companies. S&N, British Associated Foods and RHM have no women on their boards. 
In 1960 a merger between Scottish Brewers Ltd, consisting of Youngers and McEwan breweries, and Newcastle Breweries formed Scottish and Newcastle. Continued expansion, by buying smaller breweries such as Theakstons enabled S&N to become a major national player. In 1995 it purchased Courage from the Australian brewers Fosters and became Scottish Courage. This made S&N the UK's number one beer seller.
In 2000 the expansion of S&N outside of the UK was initiated after further acquisitions in Western Europe. By 2002, S&N had sold its public house portfolio to the Spirit Group, with contracts to look after some 2,000 pubs on behalf of banks and other Pub companies. The deal between S&N and the Spirit Group is means that the pubs are tied to S&N in that all beer products will continue to be purchased from S&N.
S&N describes its business as 'a major European brewer with a balance of high growth emerging markets and high volume developed markets'
In February 2005, Scottish & Newcastle and Carlsberg UK embarked on a joint venture; a Technical Services business in the UK. Service Dispence Equipment Limited (SDEL) was formed from the dispense assets of both businesses. This work is now contracted by the joint venture, to a new company Innserve Ltd. Innserve supplies, installs and maintains drinks dispense systems in 98,000 Pubs and bars around the UK.
In 2006, S&N entered into a joint venture with the Swiss based freight company, Kuehne and Nagel to set up a UK drinks distribution company K&N Drinks Logistics. Some 2,000 S&N employees transferred to the new business.
S&N are no longer an independent corporation. Heineken acquired the company in 2007 and the S&N board recommended the offer to shareholders in January 2008. "As a result Scottish & Newcastle ceased to trade as a plc company at the close of the stock exchange on 28 April 2008."
S&N own three of Europe's top selling beer brands, Baltika, Fosters and Kronenberg 1664 France's top selling beer, their brand portfolio also includes John Smiths and Strongbow cider, which are UK market leaders. Portugal's number one selling beer, Sagres, is an S&N product as is Findlands number one, Lapinkulta. Newcastle Brown Ale's sales have declined in the UK, however this is a key product for export to the USA.
Board of Directors
- Tony Froggatt
- Neville Bain
- Brian Stewart
- Angus Grossart
- Erik Hartwall
- Ian McAllister
- Ian Robinson
- Philip Bowman
- Ian McHoul
- Henrik Therman
- John Nicolson
- Brian G Wallace
- John Dunsmore
- Peter Kennerley
Political Connections & Lobbying
S&N like most large corporations participate in a number of political and lobbying activities. Their company web site claims that through membership of the Brewers of Europe Group they contribute to the public debate on alcohol harm reduction strategies and claim to work alongside other global drinks producers in funding the work of the International Centre For Alcohol Policies. Further investigation of the company finds that their political activity and connections go much further than this.
S&N are members of the Business Council for Sustainable Development-UK who are highly active in Scotland and enjoy a close relationship with the Scottish Executive, Scottish Enterprise and The Sustainable Development Commission Scotland. Andrew Bright, head of environment at S&N for six years (until February 2007) is the chairman on the BCSD-UK's Scottish Steering Group of the Business Council for Sustainable Development-UK this position involves a vast amount of networking with other industry leaders and public bodies.
S&N are described as 'corporate partners' in Forum for the Future and are also actively involved in the Carbon Trust a government funded independent company dedicated to cutting carbon emissions in the public and private sectors. They favour the method of 'offsetting' and have a number of corporate partners. 
In terms of trade associations that lobby the government in an attempt to influence policy S&N are members of the Portman Group;of which John Dunsmore is a director. The Brewers of Europe and the British Beer and Pub Association which John Dunsmore chairs, The Scottish Beer and Pub Association, and The Association of Licensed Multiple Retailers (ALMR) and the European Sponsorship Association all can count S&N as members. In the past S&N also provided financial support to the former influential European trade body known as The Amsterdam Group which Sir Brian Stewart represented the firm. The company also contributes towards The All-Party Parliamentary Beer Group. Kieran Simpson S&N's public affairs manager is a member of The Scottish Ministerial Advisory Committee on Alcohol Problems. Scottish & Newcastle are also signatories to a partnership agreement between the Scottish Executive and the alcohol industry (Partnership Agreement: Scottish Executive and the Alcohol Industry). S&N are also members of Scottish Business in the Community.
In 2006 the International Council on Alcohol and Addictions met in Edinburgh, the 300 delegates from around the globe heard of a new partnership to combat problem drinking between the industry and the Scottish executive. In what would be the first formal partnership of its kind between industry and government, Diageo, InBev (formerly Tennents), the Scotch Whisky Association and Scottish & Newcastle will work with the Executive to tackle the health and social harm associated with excessive alcohol consumption. Health Minister Andy Kerr said:
"Scotland has a reputation of being a nation of heavy drinkers. It is a reputation we are far too relaxed about...This is not about being anti-drinking but excessive alcohol consumption is presenting a significant challenge to Scotland's public health, and to our communities, and it is a challenge that no one can afford to ignore. Put simply, Scotland as a whole is paying far too high a price. That's why - along with a whole range of other action - we have been meeting senior alcohol industry representatives to look at ways to make a difference. I'm very pleased that we have reached common ground with the big drinks producers on promoting responsible consumption. It's in everyone's interest to make this happen. Over the next few weeks, we will be sorting out the detail of the agreement and outlining some of the specific voluntary steps that can be taken to encourage a more responsible attitude towards alcohol. I want this to be the basis for a long term partnership - one which over time reaches out to include other producers, as well as alcohol retailers and the licensed trade. We are already working closely with all these sectors as we update the alcohol action plan. 
Lobbying and PR firms
- 3X1, Glasgow based PR firm
Edinburgh University is proud of its 120 year old relationship with Scottish and Newcastle. John Nicolson a board member at S&N sits on the advisory board of Edinburgh University's school of management and economics. S&N are proud to sponsor 12 postgraduate scholarships for Russian students at Edinburgh, half of which are allocated to the school of management  Accessed Feb 21st 2006
A donation to the Conservative Party of £50,000 was reportedly made by S&N in 1997/1998.  The same arrangement is said to have also taken place the year before. No record of donations to any political party appear to exist since at least 2001. 
S&N's interests in Russia are controlled by Baltic Beverages Holdings (BBH) a company owned by S&N and Carlsberg. BBH is Russia's largest brewery group with a 36% market share, Baltika is the largest brewer within the BBH portfolio, who own 74% of its shares.
BBH's plans to consolidate its Russian holdings, by bringing five other breweries into Baltika's ownership would have saved the holdings company around £20 million, this created outrage amongst minority shareholders. Who believe they are paying an inflated price for the other five breweries to the benefit of BBH. The minority shareholders claim that a ballot to decide on BBH's proposed consolidation was 'unethical and perhaps even illegal'.  Minority investors in Baltika claim the two Western European brewers are using the process to overvalue the acquisitions, thereby “siphoning funds back to heavily indebted parent companies, S&N and Carlsberg, while piling leverage on to Baltika”.A judge accepted the case and set a trial date of 18th August 2005 which was postponed. 
The basis of the legal action is that under Russian law the interested parties, in this case S&N and Carlsberg acting through BBH, are not eligible to vote leaving the minority shareholders as the decisionmakers. However, shortly before the ballot took place a company called Hartwall Capital, related to Erik Hartwall 'acquired' 4% of Baltika from BBH, which accounts for 20% of the minority stakes and almost half of the minority votes.
S&N and Carlsberg claim they acted within the law and reject the claims of the minority shareholders.
One of those opposed is Baltika’s former president Taimuraz Bolloev, a personal friend of President Putin, a powerful enemy it would appear. However Putin has spoken favourably of BBH and the Russian government, concerned with the high death rate and 58 years life expectancy are encouraging Russians to turn to beer as a healthy alternative to the traditional Russian vodka. Incidently BBH's executive vice president Anton Artemier attended school with Putin in St Petersberg 
Putin has himself vetoed legislation which would restrict the sale of beer; vodka however has become subject to licencing laws and restrictions have been imposed on the sale of vodka from popular kiosks. Many Russians can not afford to access alcohol from large stores and restaurants and instead use kiosks to buy a wide range of products, including beer. Advertising restrictions on tobacco and spirits has also benefited brewers who can now take the place of the now banned advertisements.
The government is very concerned about illicit alcohol. A large number of deaths have occurred through this poor quality, cheap alcohol. Beer is safe, there is no fake beer on the market. With illicit alcohol there are two downsides – it is dangerous and there is no tax," says John Nicolson, the chairman of Greater Europe and the US at Scottish & Newcastle. 
Unlike many western energy firms, who fear state interference, BBH are very supportive of the Putin regime "Mr Putin is bridging the divide between the old and new Russia...he has been very fair in terms of beer regulations" says Tony Froggatt, the chief executive of Scottish & Newcastle. A recent dispute involving S&N and Pricewaterhouse Cooper (PwC), is set to see the two firms in court. An unusual situation has arisen whereby S&N are unhappy with consultancy work undertaken by PwC and are seeking damages on the basis that they were given poor advice by the firm. 
S&N's UK Subsidiaries
Scottish and Newcastle have, according to the FAME business database, 156 UK Subsidiaries. These include a range of businesses directly related to the alcohol industry, such as breweries, hotels and restaurants, catering companies, along with food and soft drinks firms. Other subsidiaries include property companies, travel agents, leisure companies, finance companies and producers of industrial chemicals and dyes.
- Scottish & Newcastle Web Site Company Profile Accessed Jan 2007
- Scottish & Newcastle Web Site Company Facts Accessed Jan 2007
- James Hall "All-male boards slammed"The Telegraph November 4th 2006, Accessed Feb 2007
- Scottish & Newcastle Web Site Company History Accessed Jan 2007
- Scottish & Newcastle Web Site History Accessed Nov 2008
- Forum For Future Web Site Forum For Future Accessed Jan 2007
- The Carbon Trust Web Site Carbon Trust Accessed Feb 2007
- Scottish Executive Press Release September 2006 Accessed April 2007
- University of Edinburgh web site University of Edinburgh
- Powernet Powernet Accessed Jan 2007
- Electoral Commission Accessed Jan 2007
- Martin Flanagan "Trouble Brews for S&N" Scotsman July 25th 2005, Accessed February 5th 2007
- MSK "Scottish and Newcastle Face Criticism Over Business Policies in Russia" Mosnews 26th July 2005, Accessed Feb 2007
- Martin Flanagan "S&N Find Things Brewing up Nicely in Booming Russia" Scotsman April 15th 2005, Accessed Feb 2007
- Telegraph "S&N Cuts Through the Red Mist" The Telegraph September 30th 2006, Accessed Feb 2007
- Nikki Tait & Jenny Wiggins "Brewer Seeks Damages over PwC Advice" Financial Times online January 30th 2007