National Security Agency
The National Security Agency is the US intelligence agency responsible for signals intelligence and information assurance.
- MG Ralph J. Canine 1952-1956
- Lt Gen John A. Samford 1956-1960
- VADM Laurence H. Frost 1960-1962
- Lt Gen Gordon A. Blake 1962-1965
- LTG Marshall S. Carter 1965-1969
- VADM Noel Gayler 1969-1972
- Lt Gen Samuel C. Phillips 1972-1973
- Lt Gen Lew Allen, Jr 1973-1977
- VADM Bobby Ray Inman 1977-1981
- Lt Gen Lincoln D. Faurer 1981-1985
- LTG William E. Odom 1985-1988
- VADM William O. Studeman 1988-1992
- VADM J. Michael McConnell 1992-1996
- Lt Gen Kenneth A. Minihan 1996-1999
- Lt Gen Michael V. Hayden 1999-2005
- LTG Keith B. Alexander 2005-
The NSA and the UK
Relationship with GCHQ
The NSA has long had particularly close links with its British counterpart, GCHQ. In the early 1980s it was suggested that "the relationship between NSA and GCHQ is stronger than any between the NSA and any other American intelligence agency."
Collection in the UK
This relationship does not prevent the NSA spying on the UK. According to Howard Teicher, the former Middle East director of the US National Security Council, the NSA monitored Britain's Al-Yamamah arms deal with Saudi Arabia from its base at Menwith Hill in Yorkshire.
- About NSA, Frequently Asked Questions, National Security Agency, accessed 1 September 2009.
- Former Directors, National Security Agency, accessed 1 September 2009.
- NSA/CSS Welcomes LTG Keith B. Alexander, USA, National Security Agency, 30 July 2005.
- Jonathan Bloch and Patrcik Fitzgerald, British Intelligence and Covert Action, Brandon, 1983, p.64.
- Michael Smith, The Spying Game, Politico's, 2003, p.429.